Indonesia

Indonesia - Mixed (Civil law and Adat)
Incorporate Now
Click request a call for a free, no obligation consultation.
In a hurry? Click incorporate now, and startup your company immediately.

Indonesia taxes

If you want to do business in Indonesia, this article will educate you on the tax laws for a LLC (PT, PMA) which is the most common company structure in Indonesia.

Indonesia taxes corporate income, whether it is accrued onshore or offshore. The prevailing rate for income earned abroad, from our research, but seek professional advice, is 25%. Indonesia may not have exemptions to bring in income earned abroad. Corporate Income Tax standard rate is 25%. However, companies with a turnover under IDR 4.8b may be taxed at 1% of their gross income. Companies with revenues between IDR 4.8b and IDR 50b may have a 50% income tax reduction. Indonesia ranks 103rd overall with regards to corporate tax rate worldwide.

The VAT rate in Indonesia is 10.00%, which ranks Indonesia as 47th overall in terms of VAT globally. In terms of other taxation, an employer will contribute 11.74% to the equivalent of a social security fund and an employee will contribute 4%. The overall complexity of the tax system is high. This is measured by average time to comply with a country's labor tax requirements is as it is 254hours. Contributing to this is the number of yearly labor tax payments, which is 4 in ID.

Thin capitalisation rules aren't officially enacted. This refers to any sort of laws on a business and the debt-to-asset ratios. Dividends received or derived by a resident company are subject to CIT. Payments on dividends to domestic companies are subject to 15% withholding tax. However, certain CIT and WHT exemptions may apply for companies that hold at least 25% of the shares of the payer. Dividends are payments of company profits, voted by the board, to a class of its shareholders. Dividends can be one of the following shares of stock, cash payments, or other property. Capital gains are taxable income and subject to the CIT. A capital gains tax is levied on the profits that a corporation or natural person realizes when he or she sells sells a capital asset for a price that is higher than the purchase price.

The interest withholding tax rate is estimated at 20%. This should be interpreted that usually the relevant tax authorities expects companies to automatically withhold 20% of money remitted abroad on interests. The dividends withholding tax rate is 20%. Which means that the tax authorities expects legal entities to automatically withhold 20% of dividend payments offshore. The royalties withholding tax rate is 20%. This means that the taxman expects companies to automatically withhold 20% of money remitted abroad on royalty payments. Withholding tax rates may be reduced to residents of jurisdictions where Indonesia has concluded a tax treaty with.
There is no known tax on wealth in Indonesia. There are no known inheritance taxes in Indonesia. There are transfer and real estate taxes. There are not many frequently implemented credits for innovation spend that include breaks on taxation in this country.

The above is not tax or legal advice for your particular circumstances. We are able to point you to a lawyer in Indonesia who will advise you. Contact us today. Click incorporate now if you are in a hurry, or press the free consultation button above.

It takes approximately 75 hours to file and prepare documents for a Indonesia Mixed (Civil law and Adat).
The corporate tax is approximately 25% which is 103 in the world.

Owners of a company in Indonesia are not allowed to carry back a loss and may be allowed to carry forward a loss for 5 years.

The vat rate in Indonesia is 10% which ranks 46 in the world.

Patent box
RND credit
Wealth tax
Estate tax
Transfer taxes
Asset taxes
Capital duties
76Tax treaties
25%Offshore Tax
25%Corp rate
-Loss carryback years
75Corporate time
10%VAT rate
25%Capital gains
2018AEOI planned

Read this to learn about incorporating a company in
Indonesia

We can help you form a company in Indonesia. Click the button above for a no-obligation quote. We will provide you with all the necessary documents to open a bank account as well as a registered office in Indonesia, which is required by law.

We can help you with your incorporations needs for an initial payment of just $1000.

Easy Step by Step Process:
The standard process typically takes between two (2) to three (3) weeks depending on when we receive all the required information from you. Once we receive your information, we will email you a complete set of documents for your review within 3 working days upon confirmation of payment. After executing the documents, you will need to mail them to us and we will formally submit your application for filing with the Registry. The Registry will then take about 3-8 working days to process the incorporation and produce certificates necessary for opening your bank account.

Applying for Your Bank Accounts:
Incorporations.IO maintains close working relationship within our extensive network of partner banks to help you apply for and receive banking services that are most appropriate to your specific situation. From the time of verification of incorporation it can take (1) one week to (2) two weeks to apply for and receive a bank account. We work primarily with banks that allow for remotely opened accounts to ensure you are ready to do business as soon as possible.

Applying for Payment Processing:
We include introductions to payment processors or merchant accounts with all of our incorporation services. Whether you just need standard credit card processing or specialized services for high risk processing, we have partners that can assist you and are happy to help you with introductions that can empower your business.

Start Online or via Phone:
We can get started for you whenever you are ready via a US$1000 initial payment via credit card. I get notified whenever a payment is made here and would send out the welcome letter and initial forms we would need within 12 hours. If you prefer, we can also process via a phone or Skype call.

Indonesia Tax Treaties

CountryTypeDate signed
Denmark
DTC 1985-12-28
Philippines
DTC 1981-06-18
Myanmar [Burma]
DTC 2003-04-01
Suriname
DTC 2003-10-14
Tunisia
DTC 1992-05-13
Switzerland
DTC 1988-08-29
Morocco
DTC 2008-06-08
Jersey
TIEA2011-04-27
United Kingdom
DTC 1993-04-05
Belarus
DTC 2013-03-19
Netherlands
DTC 2002-01-29
India
DTC 2012-07-27
Algeria
DTC 1995-04-28
Armenia
DTC 2005-10-12
Seychelles
DTC 1999-09-27
Isle of Man
TIEA2011-06-22
Serbia
DTC 2011-02-28
Syria
DTC 1997-06-27
San Marino
TIEA2013-09-25
Finland
DTC 1987-10-15
Ukraine
DTC 1996-04-10
France
DTC 1979-09-14
China
DTC 2001-11-07
Australia
DTC 1992-04-22
Luxembourg
DTC 1993-01-14
Pakistan
DTC 1990-10-07
Tajikistan
DTC 2003-10-28
Sweden
DTC 1989-02-28
Iran
DTC 2004-04-30
Venezuela
DTC 1997-02-27
Russia
DTC 1999-03-12
South Africa
DTC 1997-07-15
Canada
DTC 1979-01-16
United States
DTC 1988-07-11
New Zealand
DTC 1987-03-25
Mexico
DTC 2002-09-06
Croatia
DTC 2002-02-15
Egypt
DTC 1998-05-13
Hong Kong
DTC 2010-03-23
Taiwan
DTC 1995-03-01
Sudan
DTC 1998-02-10
South Korea
DTC 1988-11-10
Austria
DTC 1986-07-24
Czech Republic
DTC 1994-10-04
Italy
DTC 1990-02-18
Norway
DTC 1988-07-19
Spain
DTC 1995-05-30
Japan DTC 1982-03-03
Papua New Guinea
DTC 2010-03-12
Romania
DTC 1996-07-03
Germany
DTC 1990-10-30
Portugal
DTC 2003-07-09
Bulgaria
DTC 1991-01-11
Kuwait
DTC 1997-04-23
Thailand
DTC 2001-06-15
Uzbekistan
DTC 1996-08-28
Singapore
DTC 1990-05-08
Slovakia
DTC 2000-10-12
Vietnam
DTC 1997-12-22
Belgium
DTC 1997-09-16
Bermuda
TIEA2011-06-22
Turkey
DTC 1997-02-25
Malaysia
DTC 1991-09-12
Bangladesh
DTC 2003-06-19
Jordan
DTC 1996-11-12
Zambia
DTC 2001-05-31
Mongolia
DTC 1996-07-02
Brunei
DTC 2000-02-27
Guernsey
TIEA2011-04-27
Sri Lanka
DTC 1993-02-03
Qatar
DTC 2006-04-30
Hungary
DTC 1989-10-19
United Arab Emirates
DTC 1995-11-30
Poland
DTC 1992-10-06
North Korea
DTC 2002-07-11
Laos
DTC 2011-09-07

Country Info

National Flag of
Republik Indonesia (ind)
Currency
IDR
Area Code
+62
Capital
Jakarta
Region
South-Eastern Asia
Native Languages
Indonesian

Companies Act of Indonesia

THE LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

NUMBER 40 OF 2007 CONCERNING LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY BY THE GRACE OF ALMIGHTY GOD THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

Considering : a. that the national economy, which is implemented based on economic democracy with the principles of community, fair efficiency, sustainability, environmental awareness, independence, and safeguards for balanced progress and national economic unity, needs to be supported by a strong economic institutions in the context of creating prosperity for community;

b. that in the context of increasing the national economic development and at the same time providing a strong foundation for the business world in facing the development of world economy and progress in science and technology in the coming globalization era, a support is needed to enact a law that regulates limited liability company which can assure the implementation of a conducive climate for the business world;

c. that a limited liability company as one of the national economic development pillars, need to be given a legal ground in order to accelerate more of the national development composed as a mutual effort based on the principle of family spirit;

d. that Law No. 1 of 1995 regarding Limited Liability Company is considered no longer in accordance with the legal developments and needs of society, so that it is deemed necessary to be replaced with a new law;

e. that based on the consideration as referred to in letter a, letter b, letter c, and letter d, it is necessary to form a Law on Limited Liability Company ; In View of : Article 5 paragraph (1), Article 20, and Article 33 of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia; With the unanimous approval of :

THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE And THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA HAVING RESOLVED

To stipulate : A LAW ON LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1 In this law the following terms have the following meanings:

1. Limited Liability Company, hereinafter referred to as the Company, means a legal entity constitutes a capital alliance, established based on an agreement, in order to conduct business activities with the Company’s Authorized Capital divided into shares and which satisfies the requirements as stipulated in this Law, and it implementation regulations.

2. Company Organs means the General Meeting of Shareholders, the Board of Directors, and the Board of Commissioner.

3. Social and Environmental Responsibility means the commitment from Company to participate in the sustainable economic development, in order to increase the quality of life and environment, which will be valuable for the Company itself, the local community, and the society in general.

4. The General Meeting of Shareholders, hereinafter referred to as GMS, means the organ of the Company that has authority not given to the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners, within limits as stipulated in this Law, and/or the articles of association.

5. The Board of Directors means the organ of the Company that has the authority and full responsibility to manage the Company for the interest of the Company, in accordance with the purposes and objectives of the Company as well as to represent the Company, either in or out the court in accordance with the provisions of the articles of association.

6. The Board of Commissioners and the organ of the Company that has the responsibility to conduct a general and/or specific supervision , in accordance with the articles of association, as well as providing advice for Board of Directors.

7. Issuer means a Public Company or a Company which exercise a public offering to shares, in accordance with the provisions and legislations in the field of capital market.

8. Public Company means a Company which satisfies the criteria of numbers of shareholders numbers and amount of paid-up capital in accordance with the provisions and legislations in the field of capital market.

9. Merger means a legal action taken by one or more Companies in order to merge with another existing Company, which causes the transfer of assets and liabilities of the merging Companies by operation of law, to the surviving Company and thereafter the legal entity status of the merging Company ceases by operation of law.

10. Consolidation means a legal action taken by two or more Companies to consolidate themselves by establishing a new Company, which by operation of law obtains the assets and liabilities from the consolidating Companies, and the legal entity status of the consolidating Companies ceases by operation of law.

11. Acquisition means a legal action conducted by a legal entity or an individual to acquire the shares of the Company, resulting in the transfer of control of such Company.

12. Separation means a legal action taken by a Company in order to separate its businesses, which causes all assets and liabilities of the Company legally transferred to 2 (two) or more Companies, or part of the assets and liabilities of the Company legally transferred to 1 (one) or more Companies.

13. Registered Mail means a letter which is addressed to a recipient evidenced by a signed and the date receipt from the recipient.

14. Newspaper means a daily newspaper in Indonesian language with national circulation.

15. Day means a calendar day.

16. The minister means the minister whose tasks and responsibilities are in the field of law and human rights.

Article 2

The Company must have a purpose and objective as well as business activities that do not conflict with the legislative regulations, public order, and/or morality.

Article 3

(1) The Company’s Shareholders are not personally liable for agreements made on behalf of the Company, and are not liable for the Company’s losses in excess of their prospective shareholding.

(2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) do not apply if :

a. the requirements for the Company as a legal entity has not been or are not fulfilled;

b. the relevant shareholders, either directly or indirectly, with bad faith, exploits the Company for their personal interest;

c. the relevant shareholders are involved in illegal actions committed by the Company; or

d. the relevant Shareholders, either directly or indirectly, illegally utilizes the assets of the Company, which result in the Company’s assets become insufficient to settle the Company’s debt.

Article 4

This Law, the articles of association of the Company, and provisions of other legislations shall apply to the Company.

Article 5

(1) The Company shall have a name and domicile within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, as determined in the articles of association.

(2) The Company shall have a full address in accordance with its domicile.

(3) In correspondences, announcements published by the Company, printed materials, and deeds to which the Company is a party, the name and full address of the Company must be mentioned.

Article 6

The Company may be established within a limited period or unlimited period as stipulated in the articles of association.

CHAPTER II THE ESTABLISHMENT, ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION AND AMENDMENTS OF ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, REGISTRY OF COMPANY AND ANNOUNCEMENTS

Part 1 ESTABLISHMENT

Article 7

(1) The Company shall be established by 2 (two) or more persons based on a notarial deed drawn up in Indonesian language.

(2) Each founder of the Company is obliged to subscribe shares upon the establishment of the Company.

(3) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) does not apply in the context of Consolidation.

(4) The Company obtains legal entity status on the date of the issuance of Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity.

(5) If after the Company obtains its legal entity status and the number of shareholders becomes less than 2 (two) persons, then within the period of not later than 6 (six) months as from such condition, the relevant shareholders is obliged to transfer part of their shares to other persons or the Company shall issue new shares to other persons.

(6)In the event that the time period as referred to in paragraph (5) has exceeded, and there is still less than 2 (two) shareholders, the shareholders shall be personally liable for all agreements/legal relationship and the Company’s loss, and upon the request of the interested party, the District Court may wind up the Company.

(7) The provision which requires the Company to be established by 2 (two) or more persons as referred to in paragraph (1), and the provision on paragraph (5), as well as paragraph (6) do not apply to :

a. State Owned Limited Liability Company; or

b. Companies managing security exchange, clearing house and underwriting, custodian and settlement institution, and other institutions regulated in the Law on Capital Market.

Article 8

(1) The deed of establishment shall set forth articles of association and other information related to the Company’s establishment.

(2) Other information as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain at least:

a. full name, place and date of birth, occupation, residential, and nationality of the individual founder, or name, domicile, and full address, as well as the number and date of the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of legal entity founders of the Company;

b. full name, place and date of birth, occupation, residential, and nationality of the first members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners to be appointed.

c. the name of the shareholders who have subscribed the shares, detail of the number of shares, and nominal value of shares subscribed and paid-up.

(3)In making the deed of establishment, the founder can be represented by other person by virtue of a Power of Attorney.

Article 9

(1)In order to obtain the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4), the founders shall jointly submit an application through an electronic legal entity administration system information technology services to the Minister by filling up the form which shall contain at least the following :

a. The name and domicile of the Company;

b. The term of establishment of the Company;

c. The purpose and objective as well as business activities of the Company;

d. The amount of authorized capital, issued capital, and paid-up capital;

e. full address of the Company.

(2) Filling in the form as referred to in paragraph (1) must be preceded by the submission of the Company’s name.

(3) In the case the founders do not submit the application themselves as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), the founder may only give power of attorney to a notary.

(4) Further provisions regarding the procedure of submission and use of the Company’s name will be stipulated by Government Regulation.

Article 10

(1) The application to obtain the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 9 paragraph (1), must be submitted to the Minister not later than 60 (sixty) days as of the signing date of the deed of establishment, complete with information on the supporting documents.

(2) The provision regarding the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be stipulated by a Minister Regulation.

(3)If the form as referred to in Article 9, paragraph (1) and the information on the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) is in accordance with the provisions of the legislations, the Minister shall directly declare electronically that there is no objection to the relevant application.

(4) If the form format as referred to in Article 9 paragraph (1) and the information on the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (1) is not in accordance with the provisions of the legislations, the Minister shall directly notify electronically of the rejection and the reasons therefore.

(5)Within the period not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the non-objection statement date as referred to in paragraph (3), the relevant applicant is obliged to physically submit an application letter with a supporting documents attached.

(6)If all requirements as referred to in paragraph (5) have been fully fulfilled not later than 14 (fourteen) days, the Minister shall issue a decree regarding the ratification of the Company as a legal entity which is signed electronically.

(7) If the requirements regarding the period and the completeness of the supporting documents as referred to in paragraph (5) are not fulfilled, the Minister shall directly notify the matter to the applicant electronically, and the statement of no objection as referred to in paragraph (3) shall become null.

(8) In the event that the statement of no objection is null, the applicant as referred to in paragraph (5) may re-submit an application in order to obtain the Decree from the Minister as referred to in Article 9, paragraph (1).

(9) In the event that the application to obtain the Ministerial Decree is not submitted within the period as referred to in paragraph (1), the deed of establishment shall be void as from the lapse of such period and the Company which does not yet have legal entity status shall be dissolved by operation of law, and the settlement shall be conducted by the founders.

(10) The provision on the period as referred to in paragraph (1), shall also apply for a resubmission.

Article 11

Further provisions regarding submission of application to obtain the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4) for certain areas that do not yet have or cannot use electronic network, shall be regulated in a Ministerial Regulation.

Article 12

(1) Legal actions relating to share ownership and to which payment is performed by a prospective founder prior the establishment of the Company, shall be stated in the deed of establishment.

(2)In the event of legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are stated in a deed which is not an authentic deed, such deed shall be attached to the deed of establishment.

(3) In the event of legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are stated in an authentic deed, the number, date and name as well as domicile of the Notary making such authentic deed shall be mentioned in the deed of establishment of the Company.

(4)In the event that the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), (2), and (3) are not fulfilled, such legal actions shall not give rise to rights and obligations and shall not bind the Company.

Article 13

(1) Legal acts performed by the prospective founders for the interest of a Company which is has not yet been established, shall bind the Company after the Company becomes a legal entity if the first GMS of the Company explicitly states that it accepts or takes over all rights and obligations arising from the legal acts conducted by the prospective founders or its attorney.

(2) The first GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be conducted not later than 60 (sixty) days after the Company obtains the status of legal entity.

(3) The resolution of the GMS as referred to in paragraph (2) is valid if the GMS is attended by the shareholders representing all shares with voting rights and the resolution is approved unanimously.

(4)In the event that the GMS is not held within the period as referred to in paragraph (2), or the GMS is failed to adopt the resolution as referred to in paragraph (3), each prospective founder exercising such legal actions shall be personally liable to the consequences arising.

(5) The GMS approval as referred to in paragraph (2) will not be necessary if such legal actions are performed or approved in writing by all prospective founders prior the establishment of the Company.

Article 14

(1) Legal actions on behalf of the Company which has not yet obtained the status of legal entity, may only be performed by all members of the Board of Directors together with all founders, as well as all members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company, and they will all be jointly and severally liable for such legal actions.

(2) In the event of such legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1) are performed by the founders on behalf of the Company which has not yet obtained the status of legal entity, the relevant founders shall be responsible for such legal actions and the legal actions shall not bind the Company.

(3) The legal actions as referred to in paragraph (1), by operation of law shall be the responsibility of the Company after the Company becomes a legal entity.

(4) The legal actions as referred to in paragraph (2) shall only be bound and shall be the responsibility of the Company after such legal actions are approved by all shareholders in the GMS attended by all shareholders of the Company.

(5)GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) is the first GMS which must be held not later than 60 (sixty) days after the Company obtains its legal entity status.

Part Two Articles of Association and Amendment of Articles of Association

Paragraph 1 Articles of Association

Article 15

(1)Articles of association as referred to in Article 8 paragraph (1) shall contain at least :

a. The name and domicile of the Company;

b. The purposes and objectives as well as the business activities of the Company;

c. The period of incorporation of the Company;

d. The amount of authorized capital, issued capital, and paid-up capital;

e. The number of shares, shares classification if any, including the number of shares for each classification, the rights attached to each share, and nominal value of each share;

f. The name of title or position and the number of members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners;

g. The determination of the place and procedures for holding a GMS;

h. The procedures of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners;

i. The procedure for profit utilization and dividend distribution.

(2)Apart from the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), the articles of association may also contain other provisions which do not conflict with this Law.

(3) The articles of association may not contain:

a. provisions concerning receipt of fixed interest on shares; or

b. provisions concerning the grant of personal benefits to the founders or other parties.

Article 16

(1) Companies may not use names which:

a. have been legally used by another Company or are in principle the same as the name of another Company;

b. conflict with public order and/or morality;

c. are the same as or similar to names of state institutions, government institutions, or international institutions, except with the permission of those concerned;

d. are not in accordance with the purpose and objective as well as business activities or only show the purpose and objective of the Company without its own name;

e. consist of figures or series of figures, characters or series of characters which do not formed words.

f. have the meaning as Company, legal entity, or civil association.

(2) The name of the Company must be preceded by the phrase “Perseroan Terbatas” (Limited Liability Company) or the abbreviation “PT”.

(3)In the case of a Public Company (Perseroan Terbuka), apart from the provisions referred to in paragraph (2) being applicable, the abbreviation “Tbk” shall be added at the end of the Company’s name.

(4) Further provisions regarding the procedures for the use of Company names shall be stipulated by Government Regulation.

Article 17

(1) The Company shall domicile in the city or regency within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia as stipulated in the articles of association.

(2) The domicile referred to in paragraph (1) shall at the same time constitute the head office of the Company.

Article 18

(1) The Company must have a purpose and objective as well as business activity which are stated in the articles of association of the Company and in accordance with the provisions of legislations.

Paragraph 2 Amendments to the Articles of Association

Article 19

(1)Amendments to the articles of association must be determined by a GMS.

(2)Agenda on the amendments of the articles of association must be clearly stated in notice to a GMS.

Article 20

(1) Amendments to the articles of association of a Company that has been declared bankrupt, cannot be conducted except with the approval from the curator.

(2) The curator’s approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be attached in the application for approval and notification of amendments of the articles of association to the Minister.

Article 21

(1) Certain amendments to the articles of association must have approval from the Minister.

(2) Certain amendments of the articles of association as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain the following:

a. name and/or domicile of the Company;

b. purposes and objectives as well as business activities of the Company;

c. period of incorporation of the Company;

d. amount of Authorized Capital,

e. reduction of issued and paid-up capital; and/or

f. change of the status of the Company from private company to Issuer or otherwise.

(3)Amendments of the articles of association other than as referred to in paragraph (2) are only need to be notified to the Minister.

(4) The amendments to the articles of association as referred to in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3) shall be set forth or stated in the notarial deed and in Indonesian language.

(5)Amendments to the articles of association not drawn up in a notarial deed of minutes of meeting, shall be drawn up in a notarial deed not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the date of resolution of the GMS.

(6) An amendment to the articles of association may not be stated in a notarial deed upon the lapse of 30 (thirty) days as referred to in paragraph (5).

(7) Application for approval of the amendment of articles of association as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be submitted to the Minister, not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the date of the notarial deed containing the amendments of the articles of association.

(8) The provision as referred to in paragraph (7), apply mutatis mutandis for the notification of the amendment of article of association to the Minister.

(9) After the lapse of 30 (thirty) days period as referred to in paragraph (7), the application for approval or the notification of the amendment of articles of association may not be submitted or delivered to the Minister.

Article 22

(1) An application for approval of the amendment of articles of association regarding the extension of the period of incorporation of the Company as set forth in the articles of association, must be submitted to the Minister not later than 60 (sixty) days prior to the period of incorporation of the Company becomes expire.

(2) The Minister shall provide his approval to application for the extension of the period of incorporation as referred to in paragraph (1) not later than the last date of the Company’s incorporation.

Article 23

(1)Amendments to the articles of Association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2) shall take effect as of the issuance date of the Ministerial Decree regarding the approval of the amendment of articles of association.

(2)Amendments to the articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (3) shall take effect as of the issuance date of receipt of notification by the Minister of the amendment articles of association.

(3) The provisions as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) do not apply where this Law determines otherwise.

Article 24

(1) The Company whose capital and number of shareholders fulfill the criteria of a Public Company in accordance with the provisions of the legislations in the field of capital market, is obliged to amend its articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2), letter f within the 30 (thirty) days period as of the fulfillment of the criteria.

(2) The Board of Directors of the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) is obliged to submit a registration statement in accordance with the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market.

Article 25

(1) Amendment to the articles of association regarding the change of the status of the Company from private Company to Issuer, shall take effect as of:

a. The effective date of the registration statement submitted to the capital market supervisory agency for Public Company; or

b. Implementation of a public offering by a Company who submits the registration statement to the capital market supervisory agency, in order to exercise a public offering of shares in accordance with the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market.

(2) In the event the registration statement of the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a does not come into effect, or the Company that has submitted a registration statement as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b fails to implement the public offering of shares, the Company must amend its articles of association again within the period of 6 (six) months after the date of approval from the Minister.

Article 26

Amendment to the articles of association made in the framework of Merger or Acquisition, shall take effect as of:

a. The date of approval from the Minister;

b. A later date determined in the approval of the Minister; or

c. Date of the receipt of notification on the amendment of articles of association from the Minister, or a later date determined in the deed of Merger or the deed of Acquisition.

Article 27

Application for approval on the amendment of articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (2) will be rejected if :

a. it is contrary to the provisions regarding the procedures of the amendment of the articles of association;

b. the contents of the amendments are contrary with the provisions of legislations, public order, and/or morality; or

c. there is any objection from the creditor to the GMS resolution regarding the reduction of capital.

Article 28

The provisions regarding the procedures of application submission to obtain the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity, and the objections as referred to in Article 9, Article 10, and Article 11, shall apply mutatis mutandis to the submission of an application for the approval of the amendment of the articles of association and objections thereto.

Part Three Company Registry and Announcement

Paragraph 1 Company Registry

Article 29

(1) Company Registry is implemented by the Minister.

(2) Company Registry as referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain data concerning the Company as follows :

a. name and domicile, purposes and objectives as well as the business activities, period of incorporation, and capitalization;

b. full address of the Company as referred to in Article 5;

c. number and date of the deed of establishment and the Ministerial Decree regarding ratification of the Company as a legal entity as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4);

d. number and date of deed of amendment of the articles of association, and approval from the Minister as referred to in Article 23 paragraph (1);

e. number and date of deed of amendment of the articles of association, and the date of receipt of the notification by the Minister as referred to in Article 23 paragraph (2);

f. name and domicile of the notary who made the deed of establishment and deed of amendment of the articles of association;

g. full name and address of the shareholders, members of the Board of Directors, and members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company;

h. number and date of deed of winding up, or number and date of the court ruling on the winding up of the Company which has been informed to the Minister;

i. the expiry of the Company’s status as a legal entity;

j. the balance sheet and profit and loss statement from the financial year concerned for the Company for which auditing is required.

(3) Data of the Company as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be included into the Company Registry on the same date as the date of :

a. the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s legal entity status, the approval for the amendment of the articles of association for which approval is necessary;

b. receipt of notification of the amendments to the articles of association for which approval is not necessary; or

c. receipt of notification of the amendments of the Company’s data which do not constitute amendments of the articles of association.

(4) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) letter g, regarding full name and address of the shareholders of the Issuer, in accordance with the provisions of the legislations in the field of capital market.

(5) Company Registry as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be open for public.

(6) Further provisions regarding Company Registry shall be regulated in a Ministerial Regulation.

Paragraph 2 Announcement

Article 30

(1) The Minister shall announce in the Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia :

a. The deed of establishment of the Company and the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4);

b. The deed of amendment of the articles of association and the Ministerial Decree as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (1);

c. The deed of amendment of the articles of association, which notification has been received by the Minister.

(2)Announcement as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be conducted by the Minister within the period not later than 14 (fourteen) days as of the issuance date of Ministerial Decree as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a and letter b, or as of the receipt of notification as referred to in paragraph (1) letter c.

(3) Further provisions regarding the procedures of announcement shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the legislations.

CHAPTER III CAPITAL AND SHARES

Part One Capital

Article 31

(1)Authorized Capital of the Company shall consist of total nominal value of shares.

(2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) does not preclude the possibility of the legislative provisions in the field of capital market to regulate the Company’s capital to consist of shares without nominal value.

Article 32

(1)Authorized capital of the Company shall be at least of Rp 50.000.000,00 (fifty million rupiah).

(2) Laws that regulate certain business activities can determine the minimum amount of the Company’s capital which is higher than the provision of authorized capital as referred to in paragraph (1).

(3) The change to the amount of authorized capital as referred to in paragraph (1), shall be stipulated with a Government Regulation.

Article 33

(1) At least 25% (twenty five percent) of the authorized capital as referred to in Article 32 must be issued and paid-up in full.

(2) The capital issued and paid-up in full as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be proven by a valid payment evidence.

(3) Further issuance of shares at any time to increase the issued capital must be paid-up in full.

Article 34

(1)Payment of shares capital may be made in the form of money and/or in other forms.

(2) In the event that the share capital is paid up in some other forms as referred to in paragraph (1), the valuation on the share capital paid up shall be determined based on the reasonable value determined in accordance with the market price or by an independent expert.

(3)Payment of share capital in the form of immovable asset must be announced in 1 (one) or more Newspapers within the period of 14 (fourteen) days after the signing of deed of establishment, or after the GMS resolves such payment of share.

Article 35

(1) Shareholders and other creditors having receivables against the Company, may not set off their receivables against the payment obligation to pay up the share price they have subscribed, except with the approval from the GMS.

(2) The receivables towards the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) that may be set off against the payment of share are receivables on claims towards the Company which arise out of :

a. The Company has received the money or the surrender of tangible or intangible goods which have a monetary value.

b. a party who becomes the guarantor of the Company’s debt has paid the Company’s debt in full, for the amount guaranteed; or

c. The Company becomes the guarantor of a third party’s debt, and the Company has received benefits in the form of money or goods which have a monetary valued, which the Company has in fact directly or indirectly received.

(3) The GMS resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be valid if it is conducted in accordance with the provisions regarding notice of meeting, quorum, and number of votes to amend the articles of association as referred to in this Law and/or the articles of association.

Article 36

(1) The Company shall not be allowed to issue shares, either to be owned by the Company itself or other Company, which shares are directly or indirectly owned by the Company.

(2) The prohibition on shares ownership as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not valid for shares ownership obtained based on transfer by operation of law, by grant, or by bequest.

(3) The shares obtained as referred to in paragraph (2), must be transferred to other party not prohibited from owning the shares in the Company within the period of 1 (one) year after the date of transfer.

(4) In the event that the other Company as referred to in paragraph (1) is a securities company, the provisions of legislations in the field of capital market shall apply.

Part Two Capital Protection and the Company’s Assets

Article 37

(1) The Company may buy back the shares which have issued under the following conditions :

a. the buy back of shares shall not result in the net assets of the Company becomes less than the issued capital plus the statutory reserve that has been set aside; and

b. the amount of nominal value of all shares buy back by the Company and the pledge of shares or the fiduciary security on shares held by the Company itself, and/or other Company which shares are directly or indirectly owned by the Company does not exceed 10% (ten percent) from the amount of issued capital in the Company, except otherwise regulated in the legislation in the field of capital markets.

(2) The buy back of shares, either directly or indirectly, contrary with paragraph (1) is considered void by operation of law.

(3) The Board of Directors shall be jointly and severally liable for the losses suffered by shareholders who have acted in good faith, resulting from the buy back which is void by operation of law as referred to in paragraph (2).

(4) The shares buy backed by the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) may only be possessed by the Company for not more than 3 (three) years.

Article 38

(1) The buy back of shares as referred to in Article 37 paragraph (1), or further transfer, may only be conducted based on approval from the GMS, except otherwise stated in the legislations in the field of capital markets.

(2) The resolution of GMS containing the approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be valid if adopted in accordance with the provisions regarding notice of meeting, quorum, and approval on the number of votes to amend the articles of association as regulated in this Law and/or the articles of association.

Article 39

(1) The GMS may deliver to the Board of Directors the authority to approve the implementation of the GMS resolution as referred to in Article 38 for the period of not more than 1 (one) year.

(2) The grant of authorization as referred to in paragraph (1) may be extended each time for the same period.

(3) The grant of authorization as referred to in paragraph (1) at any time can be revoked by the GMS.

Article 40

(1) The shares possessed by the Company due to buy back, transfer by operation of law, grant or bequest, may not be used to cast votes in the GMS, and shall not be counted in determining the number of quorum which must be achieved in accordance with this Law and/or the articles of association.

(2) The shares as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have no rights to receive dividend.

Part Three Capital Increase

Article 41

(1) The increase of the Company’s capital shall be conducted based on the approval of the GMS.

(2) The GMS may transfer the authority to the Board of Commissioners in order to approve the implementation of the GMS resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) for the period of not more than 1 (one) year.

(3) The transfer of authority as referred to paragraph (2) may at any time be revoked by the GMS.

Article 42

(1) The resolution of the GMS for the increase of authorized capital shall be valid if adopted by taking into account the requirements of quorum and the number of votes in favor of for the amendment of the articles of association in accordance with the provisions of this Law herein and/or the articles of association.

(2) The GMS resolution for the increase of issued and paid-up capital within the limits of the authorized capital shall be declared valid if the a quorum attending of more than ½ (one half) part of the total number of shares with voting rights and approved by more than ½ (one half) part of the total votes cast, unless larger number is determined in the articles of association.

(3) The increase of capital as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be notified to the Minister to be recorded in the Company Registry.

Article 43

(1) All shares issued for the increase of capital must first be offered to each shareholder in proportions to their share ownership for the same classification of shares.

(2) In the event the shares which will be issued for the capital increase constitute a classification of shares which never been issued before, then all shareholders shall have the pre-emptive right to purchase such shares in accordance with the proportion of shares each of them owned.

(3) The offer as referred to in paragraph (1) does not apply for the issuance of shares :

a. Addressed to the employees of the Company;

b. Addressed to bond holders and other securities which can be converted into shares, that were issued with the approval from the GMS; or

c. conducted in the context of reorganization and/or restructuring with the approval from the GMS.

(4) In the event that the shareholders as referred to in paragraph (1) do not exercise their rights to purchase and pay in full the purchased shares within the period of 14 (fourteen) days as of the offering date, the Company may offer the remaining unsubscribed shares to a third party.

Part Four Capital Reduction

Article 44

(1) The resolution of the GMS for the reduction of the Company’s capital shall be valid if adopted by taking into account the requirements of quorum provisions and the numbers of votes in favor for the amendments of the articles of association in accordance with this Law and/or the articles of association.

(2) The Board of Directors is obliged to notify the resolution as referred to in paragraph (1) to all creditors by announcing it in 1 (one) or more Newspapers, within the period of not later than 7 (seven) days as of the date of the GMS resolution.

Article 45

(1)Within the period of 60 (sixty) days as of the date of the announcement as referred to in Article 44 paragraph (2), the creditors may submit written objection to the resolution on the capital reduction , together with the reasons therefore to the Company , with a copy to the Minister.

(2)Within the period of 30 (thirty) days as from the objection as referred to in paragraph (1) are received, the Company is obliged to provide written response to the objection received..

(3)In the event that the Company :

a. rejects the objection or fail to provide a settlement that the creditors agree to within the period of 30 (thirty) days as of the date of receipt of the Company’s response; or

b. fail to give any response within the period of 60 (sixty) days as of the date the objection is submitted by the Company, creditor may suit to the District Court whose jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company.

Article 46

(1) The reduction of the capital of the Company constitutes the amendment of the articles of association which must have approval from the Minister.

(2) The Minister’s approval as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be provided in the event that :

a. there is no written objection from the creditors within the period as referred to in Article 45 paragraph (1);

b. a settlement of the objection raised by the creditor is achieved; or

c. the creditors’ suit is rejected by the District Court based on the judgment which has obtained absolute legal force.

Article 47

(1) The resolution of GMS regarding the reduction of the issued and paid up capital of the Company shall be conducted by way of withdrawal of shares, or reducing the nominal value of the shares.

(2) The withdrawal of shares as referred to in paragraph (1) may be carried out towards the shares which have been repurchased by the Company, or towards the shares having a classification which may be withdrawn.

(3) The reduction in nominal value of the shares without repayment must be performed equally towards all shares from every classification of shares.

(4) The equilibrium as referred to in paragraph (3) may be set aside subject to approval from all shareholders whose nominal values of shares are reduced.

(5) In the event that there are more than 1 (one) share classification, the resolution of the GMS regarding the reduction of capital may only be adopted subject to prior approval from all shareholders from each share classification whose rights are damaged by the GMS resolution on such capital reduction.

Part Five Shares

Article 48

(1) The Company’s shares shall be issued under the name of their owners.

(2) The terms and conditions of shares ownership may be set forth in the articles of association by taking into account the requirements as stipulated by a competent authority in accordance with the provisions of the legislations.

(3) In the event that the terms and conditions of shares ownership as referred to in paragraph (2) have been determined and are not fulfilled, then the party obtaining the ownership of the shares cannot exercise rights as a shareholder, and the shares shall not be counted in any quorum that must be achieved in accordance with the provisions of this Law herein and/or the articles of association.

Article 49

(1) The value of shares shall be stated in Rupiah.

(2)Shares without nominal value may not be issued.

(3) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not preclude the possibility for the arrangement of the issuance of shares without nominal value in the legislations in the field of capital markets.

Article 50

(1) The Company’s Board of Directors is obliged to make and keep the shareholder register, which at least consist of :

a. name and address of the shareholders;

b. amount, number, date of shares acquisition held by the shareholders; and the classification in the event that more than one classification of shares has been issued;

c. amount paid-up for each share;

d. name and address of individual or legal entity having a pledge over the shares or as the fiduciary guarantee of the fiduciary over shares, and the acquisition date of pledge on share or registration date of the fiduciary security;

e. description on the payment of shares in other form as referred to in Article 34 paragraph (2).

(2)Apart from the shareholder register as referred to in paragraph (1), the Board of Directors is obliged to make and keep a special register containing information regarding the shares of the members of the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners, together with their families, in the Company and/or other Company, as well as the date the acquisition of such shares.

(3)In the shareholder register and in the special register as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), every change of share ownership shall also be recorded.

(4) The shareholder register and the special register as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), shall be made available in the domicile of the Company, so that they can be seen by the shareholders.

(5)In the event that the legislations in the field of capital markets do not stipulate otherwise, the provision as referred to in paragraph (1), paragraph (3), and paragraph (4) shall also apply to the Issuer.

Article 51

Shareholders shall be provided with the proof of shares ownership they own.

Article 52

(1)Shares provide rights to their owners to :

a. attend and cast vote in the GMS;

b. receive dividend payment and the remainder or assets from liquidation;

c. exercise other rights under this Law.

(2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) shall take effect after the shares are recorded in the shareholder register under the name of the shareholders.

(3) The provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), letter a and letter c, shall not apply for certain shares classification as stipulated in this Law.

(4)Each share provides its owner indivisible right.

(5)In the event that 1 (one) share is owned by more than 1 (one) person, the rights arising out of the shares shall be exercised by appointing 1 (one) person as their joint representative.

Article 53

(1)Articles of association shall determine 1 (one) or more share classifications.

(2)Each share in the same classification provides its holders the same rights.

(3) In the event that there are more than 1 (one) share classification, the articles of association shall determine one of them as ordinary shares.

(4)Share classifications as referred to in paragraph (3) are, among others:

a. shares with voting right or without voting right;

b. shares with special right to nominate member of the Board of Directors and/or member of the Board of Commissioners;

c. shares which after a certain period of time will be withdrawn or exchanged with other shares classification;

d. shares which provide rights to its owner to receive dividends firstly over the other shareholders from different shares classification for the distribution of dividend cumulatively or non-cumulatively;

e. shares which provide rights to its owner to receive allocation of the remainder of the Company’s assets in liquidation firstly over the other shareholders with different shares classification.

Article 54

(1) The articles of association may determine the fraction of the nominal value of share.

(2) The holders of a fraction of the nominal value of shares shall not be granted individual voting rights, except the holder of a fraction of the nominal value of share, either severally or jointly with another holder of a fraction of nominal value of share having the same classification of shares, have a nominal value equal to 1 (one) nominal share from such classification.

(3) The provision as referred to in Article 52 paragraph (4) and paragraph (5) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the holders of fractions of the nominal value of shares.

Article 55

The articles of association of the Company shall determine the method of transfer of rights over shares in accordance with the provisions of the legislations.

Article 56

(1) The transfer of rights over shares shall be conducted with a deed of transfer of right.

(2) Deed of transfer of rights over shares as referred to in paragraph (1) or its copy shall be delivered to the Company in writing.

(3) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to register the transfer of rights over shares, date, and day of the transfer in the shareholder register or the special register as referred to in Article 50 paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), and shall notify the change of the composition of shareholders to the Minister, to be recorded in the Company Registry, not later than 30 (thirty) days as of the registration date of the transfer of right.

(4)In the event the notification as referred to in paragraph (3) has not been conducted, the Minister may reject the application for approval or the notification conducted based on the composition and the names of shareholders which have not yet been notified.

(5) The provision regarding the procedures of transfer of rights over shares traded on the capital markets shall be regulated in the legislations in the field of capital markets.

Article 57

(1) The articles of association may regulate requirements regarding the transfer of rights over share, as follows :

a. The obligation to offer pre-emptive rights to the shareholders with a certain classification or to other shareholders;

b. The obligation to obtain prior approval from the Company Organ; and/or

c. The obligation to obtain prior approval from the authorized institutions in accordance with the provisions of the legislations.

(2) The requirements as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not apply in the event of transfer of rights over shares are caused by the transfer of rights by operation of law, unless the mandatory approval as referred to in paragraph (1) letter c is related to inheritance.

Article 58

(1)In the event that the articles of association requires the selling shareholders to first offer their shares to the shareholders of certain classification of shares, or to other shareholders, and within the period of 30 (thirty) days as from the offering date the shareholders do not purchase the shares, then the selling shareholders may offer and sell their shares to a third party.

(2) Each selling shareholder who is required to offer its shares as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have the right to withdraw the offering after the lapse of 30 (thirty) days period as referred to in paragraph (1).

(3) The obligation to offer to the shareholder of certain classification of shares, or to other shareholders as referred to in paragraph (1) shall only apply once.

Article 59

(1) The granting of approval to the transfer of rights over shares which requires approval from the Company Organ or its rejection must be given in writing within a period of not more than 90 (ninety) days as of the date the Company Organ receives the request for approval of transfer of rights over shares.

(2)In the event that the period as referred to in paragraph (1) has lapsed, and the Company Organ fails to provide a written statement, then the Company Organ shall be deemed to approve the transfer of rights over shares.

(3) In the event that the transfer of rights over shares is approved by the Company Organ, the transfer of rights shall be conducted in accordance with the provision as referred to in Article 56, and shall be implemented within a period of not more than 90 (ninety) days as of the date on which the approval is given.

Article 60

(1)Shares are movable objects and give the rights as referred to Article 52 to their owner.

(2) Shares can be encumbered by way of pledge or fiduciary security, unless otherwise stipulated in the articles of association.

(3) Pledge of shares or fiduciary security over shares registered in accordance with the provisions of legislations must be recorded in the shareholder register and special register as referred to in Article 50.

(4) Voting rights on shares encumbered with pledge or fiduciary security shall remain with the shareholders.

Article 61

(1) Each shareholder shall have the right to file a suit against the Company to the District Court if they suffer losses due the action of the Company which is considered to be unfair and unreasonable as a result of a resolution of the GMS, the Board of Directors, and/or the Board of Commissioners.

(2) The suits as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the District Court which jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company.

Article 62

(1) Each shareholder shall have the right to request the Company to purchase its shares with a reasonable price if the shareholder concerned does not agree with the action of the Company which harm the shareholders or the Company in the form of :

a. amendments to the articles of association;

b. the transfer or the encumbrance of the Company’s assets, having a nominal value of more than 50% (fifty percent) of the net assets of the Company; or

c. Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation.

(2) In the event that the shares requested to be purchased as referred to in paragraph (1) exceeds the limit of the buy back requirements by the Company as referred to in Article 37 paragraph (1) letter b, the Company is obliged to endeavor that the remaining shares be purchased by a third party.

CHAPTER V WORK PLAN, ANNUAL REPORT, AND THE USE OF PROFITS

Part One Work Plan

Article 63

(1) The Board of Directors shall prepare an annual work plan prior to the commencement of the coming financial year.

(2) The work plan as referred to in paragraph (1) shall also contain annual budget of the Company for the coming financial year.

Article 64

(1) The work plan as referred to in Article 63 shall be delivered to the Board of Commissioners or the GMS as stated in the articles of association.

(2) The articles of association may determine the work plan delivered by the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1) must obtain the approval from the Board of Commissioners or the GMS, unless determined otherwise in the legislations.

(3) In the event that the articles of association determine that the work plan is subject to approval from the GMS, such work plan must first be reviewed by the Board of Commissioners.

Article 65

(1) In the event that the Board of Directors fail to deliver the work plan as referred to in Article 64, the work plan from the previous year shall apply.

(2) The work plan from the previous years hall also apply for the Company which work plan has not yet obtained approval as stated in the articles of association or the legislations.

Part One Annual Report

Article 66

(1) The Board of Directors shall submit an annual report to the GMS after it has been reviewed by the Board of Commissioners, no later than 6 (six) months after the Company’s accounting year ends.

(2) The annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) shall at least contain the following :

a. financial statement which at least consists of the current balance sheet of the latest accounting year in comparison with the previous accounting year, profit and loss statement from the relevant accounting year, cash flows, report on the equity changes, and the record on such financial statement;

b. report on the Company’s activities;

c.report on the implementation of Social and Environmental Responsibility;

d. details on issues which occurs during the accounting year which is affecting the Company’s activities;

e. report on supervisory duty that has been performed by the Board of Commissioners during the previous accounting year;

f. name of the members of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners;

g. salary and compensation for the members of Board of Directors, and salary or honorarium and compensation for the members of the Board of Commissioners of the Company for the previous year.

(3) Financial statement as referred to in paragraph (2) letter a, shall be prepared based on the accounting standard.

(4) The mandatory audited of Company’s balance sheet and relevant profit and loss statement as referred to in paragraph (2) letter as, shall be submitted to the Minister in accordance with the provision of the regulation.

Article 67

(1)Annual report as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (1) shall be signed by all members of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners during their service period at the relevant accounting year, and it shall be provided in the Company’s office as of the date of notice for GMS in order to be examined by the shareholders.

(2)In the event there are any member of the Board of Directors or Board of Commissioners who fails to sign the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1), such relevant member shall specify the reasons in writing, or such reason shall be specified by the Board of Directors in a separate letter attached to the annual report.

(3)In the event there are any member of the Board of Directors or Board of Commissioners who fails both to sign the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) and to specify the reasons in writing, it shall be deemed that the relevant member has approved the annual report.

Article 68

(1) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to submit the annual report of the Company to be audited by a public accountant if :

a. the activities of the Company is to collect and/or to manage the community’s fund;

b. The Company issues a debt acknowledgement letter to the public;

c. The Company constitutes an Issuer;

d. The Company constitutes a stated owned company;

e. The Company owns assets and/or business with the minimum value of Rp 50.000.000.000,00 (fifty billion rupiah).

f. It is obliged pursuant to the prevailing regulation.

(2)In the event the obligations as referred to in paragraph (1) fail to be fulfilled, the financial statement shall not be ratified by the GMS.

(3) The report on the audit result by the public accountant as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be submitted in writing to the GMS through the Board of Directors.

(4) The Balance Sheet and profit and loss statement from the financial statement as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a, letter b, and letter c after having obtained approval from the GMS, shall be announced to public in 1 (one) Newspaper.

(5) The announcement of Balance Sheet and profit and loss statement as referred to in paragraph (4) shall be performed no later than 7 (seven) days as of the date of ratification by the GMS..

(6) The reduction of the amount as referred to in paragraph (1) letter e, shall be further stipulated with a Government Regulation.

Article 69

(1) The approval on annual report including the ratification of financial statement and the report on supervisory duty of the Board of Commissioners shall be performed by the GMS.

(2) The resolution over the ratification on the financial statement and approval on the annual report as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be stipulated based on the provision as stated herein and/or the articles of association.

(3)In the event that it is proven that the financial statement is inaccurate and incorrect, the members of the Board of Directors shall jointly or severally liable to the inflicted loss party.

(4) The member of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners shall be fully discharged and released against any responsibility as referred to in paragraph (3) if it is proven that such condition is not resulted from their fault.

Part Three Use of Net Earnings

Article 70

(1) The Company shall be obliged to allocate a certain amount from the net earnings of each accounting year for reserve fund.

(2) The obligation to allocate the reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) shall apply if the Company possesses a positive profit balance.

(3) The allocation of net earnings as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be performed up to an amount of 20% (twenty percent) from issued and paid-up capital.

(4) The reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) which has not yet reached the amount as referred to in paragraph (3) may only be utilized to cover the loss that can not be covered by other reserves.

Article 71

(1) The use of net earnings including the amount of allocation for reserve fund as referred to in Article 70 paragraph (1) shall be determined by the GMS.

(2)All net earnings after deduction for reserve fund as referred to in Article 70 paragraph (1) shall be distributed to the shareholders as dividend, except otherwise provided in the GMS.

(3) The dividend as referred to in paragraph (2) can only be distributed if the Company possesses a positive profit balance.

Article 72

(1) The Company may distribute interim dividend before the end of Company’s accounting book, as long as it is stipulated in the Company’s articles of association .

(2) The distribution of interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (1) is applicable if the amount of the Company’s net assets shall not less than issued and paid-up capital plus reserve fund.

(3) The distribution of interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not disrupt or cause the Company to become unable to fulfill its obligation to the creditors or disrupt the activities of the Company.

(4) The distribution of interim dividend shall be determined based on the resolution of the Board of Directors after having obtained approval from the Board of Commissioners, with due observance to the provision as stated in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3).

(5) In the event after the accounting year ends the Company has apparently inflicted with loss, the interim dividend that has been distributed shall be returned by the shareholders to the Company.

(6) In the event the shareholders fails to return the interim dividend as referred to in paragraph (5), the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners shall be jointly or severally liable for the loss which inflicted by the Company.

Article 73

(1) Dividend which are left unclaimed after 5 (five) years as of the stipulation date for the payment of the previous dividend, shall be included in a special reserve fund.

(2) GMS shall stipulate the procedures to claim dividend which has been included into the special reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1).

(3) The dividend which has been included into the special reserve fund as referred to in paragraph (1) and remains unclaimed within the period of 10 (ten) years, shall become the property of the Company.

CHAPTER V SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

Article 74

(1) The Company having its business activities in the field of and/or related to natural resources, shall be obliged to perform its Social and Environmental Responsibility.

(2)Social and Environmental Responsibility as referred to in paragraph (1) shall constitutes the obligation of the Company which is budgeted and calculated as the cost of the Company, implementation of which shall be performed with due observance to the appropriateness and fairness.

(3) The Company which fails to perform its obligation as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be imposed with sanction in accordance with the provision of regulation.

(4) Provision regarding Social and Environmental Responsibility shall be further regulated with a Government Regulation.

CHAPTER VI GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

Article 75

(1)GMS has the authority which is not conferred to the Board of Directors and the Board of Commissioners, with due observance to the limitation as stipulated herein and/or the articles of association.

(2) During the GMS, the shareholders shall have the right to receive explanation relating to the Company from the Board of Directors and/or the Board of Commissioners, as long as it is related to the agenda of such GMS, and shall not in contrary with the interest of the Company.

(3) GMS concerning other agenda shall not be entitled to adopt any resolution, except all present and/or represented shareholders in the GMS agree with the proposed additional agenda.

(4) Resolution on the additional agenda shall be approved unanimously.

Article 76

(1) GMS shall be convened at the domicile of the Company or at a location of business activities of the Company as stipulated in the articles of association.

(2) GMS of the Issuer may be convened at the domicile of the stock exchange where the Company’s shares are listed.

(3) The location of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be located within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.

(4) If all shareholders are present and/or represented in the GMS, and they agree that the GMS to be performed with a certain agenda, GMS may be convened at any location with due observance to the provision as referred to in paragraph (3).

(5)GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) may adopt a resolution if such resolution is approved unanimously.

Article 77

(1) Other than the convention of GMS as referred to in Article 76, the GMS may also be convened by ways of teleconference, video conference, or other means of electronic which enables all of the GMS participant to see, hear, and participate directly in the meeting.

(2) Requirement on quorum and adoption of resolution shall be as provided stipulated herein and/or as regulated in the Company’s articles of association.

(3) The requirement as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be calculated based on the participation of the GMS participant as referred to in paragraph (1).

(4)Every convention of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) is subject to minutes of meeting, the preparation of which shall be approved and signed by all GMS participant.

Article 78

(1)GMS shall consist of annual GMS and other GMS.

(2)Annual GMS shall be convened no later than 6 (six) months after the end of accounting year.

(3) All documents from the annual report of the Company as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (2) shall be submitted in the annual GMS.

(4) Other GMS may be convened any time as deemed necessary for the interest of the Company.

Article 79

(1) The Board of Directors shall convene annual GMS as referred to in Article 78 paragraph (2), and other GMS as referred to in Article 78 paragraph (4) with prior notice for such GMS.

(2) The convention of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) can be performed upon the request of :

a. 1 (one) person or more shareholders jointly represent 1/10 (one tenth) or more of the total shares with legal voting right, except the articles of association stipulates a less number; or

b. The Board of Commissioners.

(3) The request as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be submitted to the Board of Directorsnwith a Registered Mail specifying the reasons thereof.

(4) The carbon copy of Registered Mail as referred to in paragraph (3) which is submitted by the shareholders, shall be submitted to the Board of Commissioners.

(5) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to give notice for GMS within the latest period of 15 (fifteen) after the request has been received.

(6) In the event the Board of Directors fail to perform the notice for GMS as referred to in paragraph (5),

a. request for GMS as referred to in (2) letter a shall be re-submitted to the Board of Commissioners; or

b. Board of Commissioners shall perform call for GMS themselves as referred to in paragraph (2) letter b.

(7) The Board of Commissioners shall be obliged to perform call for GMS as referred to in paragraph (6) letter a, within the latest period of 15 (fifteen) days after the request has been received.

(8) The GMS which is convened by the Board of Directors based on the call for GMS as referred to in paragraph (5), shall discuss the issues relating to the reasons as referred to in paragraph (3), and other agenda which is deemed necessary by the Board of Directors.

(9) GMS which is convened by the Board of Commissioners based on the call for GMS as referred to in paragraph (6) letter b, and paragraph (7) shall only discuss the issues relating to the matters as referred to in paragraph (3).

(10) The convention of GMS of Issuer shall abide by this Law, as long as the applicable capital market regulations do not stipulate otherwise.

Article 80

(1)In the event the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners fail to perform the call for GMS within the period as referred to in Article 79 paragraph (5), and paragraph (7), the shareholders requesting the GMS may submit a request to the head of District Court, whose jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company to grant permit to the shareholders to perform the call for GMS themselves.

(2) The head of District Court, after summoning and hearing of the applicant, the Board of Directors and/or the Board of Commissioners, shall grant the permit to convene GMS if it is proven by the applicant in brief that the requirement has been fulfilled and the applicant has a reasonable interest for the convention of GMS.

(3) The order of the head of District Court as referred to paragraph (2) shall also contain the provisions regarding :

a. form of GMS, agenda of GMS in accordance with the application of the shareholders, notice period for GMS, quorum, and/or provision regarding the adoption of GMS resolution, as well as the appointment of chairperson of meeting, in accordance with or without being abide with the provision of this Law or the articles of association; and/or

b. order which requires the Board of Directors and/or Board of Commissioners to present in the GMS.

(4) The head of the District Court shall refuse the application in the event the applicant fails to prove in brief that the requirements have been fulfilled and such applicant has a reasonable interest for the convention of the GMS.

(5) The GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) may only discuss the agenda as stipulated by the head of the District Court.

(6) The order of head of the District Court regarding the grant of permit as referred to in paragraph (3) shall be final and binding.

(7)In the event the order of head of the District Court is to refuse the application as referred to in paragraph (4), an appeal to the Supreme Court shall be the only procedure.

(8) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) shall apply for Issuer with due observance to the requirement of announcement regarding the convention of GMS, and other requirements to convene GMS as regulated under the prevailing capital market regulation.

Article 81

(1) The Board of Directors will notify the shareholders prior to the convention of GMS.

(2)In certain condition, the notice for GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) can be performed by the Board of Commissioners or the shareholders based on the order of the head of the District Court.

Article 82

(1) The notice for GMS shall be performed within the latest period of 14 (fourteen) days prior to the date of such GMS, excluding the date of the notice and that of the Meeting.

(2) The notice for GMS shall be performed with Registered Mail and/or with an advertisement in a Newspaper.

(3) The notice for GMS shall specify the date, time, place, and meeting agenda and together with a notice that the materials to be dealt with at the Meeting are available at the Company’s offices as from the date of the notice until the date of the Meeting.

(4) The Company, upon request from the shareholders, shall be obliged to provide the copy of materials as referred to in paragraph (3) free of charge.

(5) In the event the notice are not in accordance with the provision as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), and the notice are not in accordance with the provision in paragraph (3), the GMS resolution shall remain valid if all shareholders with legal voting right are present or represented in the GMS, and such resolution is approved unanimously.

Article 83

(1) For Issuer, an announcement regarding the preparatory of notice for GMS shall be performed prior to such notice, with due observance to the capital market regulation.

(2) The announcement as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be performed within the latest period of 14 (fourteen) days prior to the notice for GMS.

Article 84

(1)Each issued share confer one voting right, except otherwise stipulated by the articles of association.

(2) The voting right as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not valid for :

a. shares owned by the Company itself;

b. main shares of the Company that are owned by its subsidiaries, either directly or indirectly; or

c. shares of the Company which are owned by other Company which shares, either directly or indirectly, owned by the Company.

Article 85

(1) The shareholders, either severally or represented based on a power of attorney, shall have the right to attend the GMS and to use their voting rights in accordance with the number of shares they owned.

(2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not apply for shareholders with no voting right.

(3) During the voting, the votes cast by the shareholders shall apply for all shares they owned, and the shareholders shall have no right to cast vote to more than one proxy for a part number of shares it owned with a different vote.

(4) During the voting, the members of Board of Directors, members of Board of Commissioners, and employees of the relevant Company are not allowed to act as a proxy of the shareholders as referred to in paragraph (1).

(5)In the event of presence of the shareholders in the GMS , the power of attorney that has been granted shall not valid in the meeting.

(6) The chairperson of meeting shall have the right to decide which person shall be entitled to attend the GMS with due observance to the provision herein and the articles of association of the Company.

(7) For Issuer, the provision as referred to in paragraph (3) and paragraph (6) as well as the provision as stipulated under the capital market regulations shall apply.

Article 86

(1)GMS shall be lawful if more than ½ (one-half) from the total shares with voting right are present or represented, except the Law and/or articles of association stipulates a bigger number of quorum.

(2)In the event the quorum as referred to in paragraph (1) is not sufficient, then the notice for a second-meeting shall be made.

(3) In the second notice of GMS, it shall be mentioned that the first GMS had been performed but failed to reach the quorum.

(4) The second GMS as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be valid and shall be entitled to adopt binding resolution if more than 1/3 (one-third) from the total shares with voting right are present or represented, except the Law and/or articles of association stipulates a bigger number of quorum.

(5) In the event the quorum of the second GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) is not sufficient, the Company may request the head of the District Court, whose jurisdiction covers the domicile of the Company, to stipulate a quorum for the third GMS.

(6) The notice for third GMS shall mention that the second GMS had been performed but failed to reach the quorum and the third GMS will be convened with a quorum as stipulated by the head of the District Court.

(7) The order of the head of the District Court regarding the quorum for GMS as referred to in paragraph (5) shall be final and binding.

(8) Notice for the second and the third GMS shall be performed within the latest period of 7 (seven) days prior to date of the second and the third GMS.

(9) The second and the third GMS shall be convened within the soonest period of 10 (ten) days and the latest of 21 (twenty one) days after the previous GMS is convened.

Article 87

(1) The resolution of GMS shall be taken based on mutual consensus.

(2) In the event the resolution based on mutual consensus as referred to in paragraph (1) fails to reach, the resolution shall be valid if it is approved by more than ½ (one-half) from the total votes, except the Law and/or articles of association stipulates that the resolution shall be valid if it is approved by more number of affirmative vote.

Article 88

(1) GMS for the amendment of the articles of association can be convened if at least 2/3 (two-third) of the total shares issued with voting rights are present or represented and the resolutions thereof shall be valid if approved by more than 2/3 (two-third) of total votes cast at the meeting except the articles of association stipulates a bigger quorum and/or a provision regarding the adoption of resolution in the GMS.

(2)In the event the quorum as referred to in paragraph (1) is not sufficient, a second GMS can be convened.

(3) The second GMS as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be valid and entitled to adopt a resolution if at least 3/5 (three-fifth) of the total shares issued with voting rights are present or represented and the resolutions thereof shall be valid if approved by more than 2/3 (two-third) of total votes cast at the meeting except the articles of association stipulates a bigger quorum and/or a provision regarding the adoption of resolution in the GMS.

(4) The provision as referred to in Article 86 paragraph (5), paragraph (6), paragraph (7), paragraph (8), and paragraph (9), shall apply mutatis mutandis for the GMS as referred to in paragraph (1).

(5) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1), paragraph (2), and paragraph (3), regarding the quorum and the requirement on the adoption of resolution in GMS shall also applicable to Issuer, as long as the capital market regulations do not stipulate otherwise.

Article 89

(1) GMS to approve the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation, bankruptcy, extension of duration, and the liquidation of the Company can be convened if at least 3/4 (three-fourth) of the total shares issued with voting rights are present or represented and the resolutions thereof shall be valid if approved by more than 3/4 (three-fourth) of total votes cast at the meeting except the articles of association stipulates a bigger quorum and/or a provision regarding the adoption of resolution in the GMS.

(2) In the case the attending quorum as referred to in paragraph (1) is not sufficient, a second GMS can be convened.

(3) The second GMS as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be valid and entitled to adopt a resolution if at least 2/3 (two-third) of the total shares issued with voting rights are present or represented and the resolutions thereof shall be valid if approved by more than 3/4 (three-fourth) of total votes cast at the meeting except the articles of association stipulates a bigger quorum and/or a provision regarding the adoption of resolution in the GMS.

(4) The provision as referred to in Article 86 paragraph (5), paragraph (6), paragraph (7), paragraph (8), and paragraph (9), shall apply mutatis mutandis for the GMS as referred to in paragraph (1) .

(5) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1), paragraph (2), and paragraph (3), regarding the quorum and the requirement on the adoption of resolution in GMS shall also applicable to Issuer, as long as the capital market regulations do not stipulate otherwise..

Article 90

(1) Minutes of meeting for each GMS shall be made, the minutes of which GMS shall be signed by the chairperson of the meeting, and at least 1 (one) shareholder shall be appointed by and from among those present .

(2) The signatory as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not be required if the minutes of GMS is made in a notarial deed.

Article 91

Shareholders may also adopt binding resolution without convening GMS provided that all shareholders with affirmative vote give their approval in writing by signing the relevant proposal.

CHAPTER VII BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS

Part One Board of Directors

Article 92

(1) The Board of Directors shall undertake its duty to manage the Company for the interest of the Company in the pursuit of its purposes and objectives.

(2) The Board of Directors shall have the authority to manage the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) in accordance with the policy which is considered accurate, and shall be in accordance with the provision as regulated under in this Law and/or the articles of association.

(3) The Board of Directors of the Company shall consist of 1 (one) member of the Board of Directors or more.

(4) The Company which engages in mobilizing public funds, issuing debt instrument or an Issuer shall have a minimum of 2 (two) members of Board of Directors.

(5)In the event the Board of Directors consists of 2 (two) members of the Board of Directors or more, the distribution of duty and authority among the members of the Board of Directors shall be determined based on the GMS resolution.

(6)In the event the GMS as referred to in paragraph (5) does not determine the distribution of duty and authority of the members of the Board of Directors, such distribution shall be stipulated based on the resolution of the Board of Directors.

Article 93

(1) Those who can be appointed as the members of the Board of Directors shall be individual who has the capability in performing legal action, except within the period of 5 (five) years prior to his appointment he/she :

a. had been declared bankrupt;

b. being the member of the Board of Directors or the member of Board of Commissioners who have been adjudicated to have caused the bankruptcy of a Company; or

c. had been sentenced for a criminal offense which caused financial loss to the state and/or relating to financial sector.

(2) The requirement as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not avoid the possibility for a relevant technical institution to stipulate an additional requirement based on the regulation.

(3) Compliance to the requirement as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be proven with a letter kept by the Company.

Article 94

(1) Members of the Board of Directors are appointed by the GMS.

(2) The appointment of members of the Board of Directors shall be firstly conducted by the founder as stipulated in the deed of establishment as referred to in Article 8 paragraph (2) letter b.

(3) Members of the Board of Directors shall be appointed for a certain period and may be reappointed.

(4) Articles of association shall regulate the procedures to appoint, replace, and dismiss members of the Board of Directors, and may also regulate the procedures to nominate the members of the Board of Directors.

(5) GMS resolution regarding the appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Directors shall also stipulate the effective date of such appointment, replacement, and dismissal.

(6)In the event the GMS does not to stipulate the effective date of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Directors, then the aforementioned shall be effective as of the closing of GMS.

(7)In the event of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Directors, the Board of Directors shall notify the change of members of the Board of Directors to the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry, within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the resolution date of the GMS.

(8)In the event the notification as referred to in paragraph (7) has not been performed, the Minister shall refuse each submitted application or the submitted notification submitted to the Minister that has not been registered in the Company Registry.

(9) The notification as referred to in paragraph (8) shall be excluded from the notification submitted by the new Board of Directors regarding his/her own appointment.

Article 95

(1) The appointment of the Board of Directors which is not in accordance with the requirement as stipulated in Article 93 shall be, by law, nullified as of the other members of the Board of Directors or Board of Commissioners acknowledges the non-compliance of such requirement.

(2)Within the latest period of 7 (seven) days as of the acknowledgement, other members of the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners shall announce the annulment of the appointment of the relevant Board of Directors in a Newspaper and shall notify the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry.

(3) Legal action that has been conducted for and on behalf of the Company by the members of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1) prior to the annulment of appointment, shall remain binding and become the responsibility of the Company.

(4) Legal action that is conducted for and on behalf of the Company conducted by the members of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1) after the annulment of the appointment, shall be invalid and shall be the personal responsibility of the member of the relevant Board of Directors.

(5) The provision as referred to in paragraph (3) shall not reduce the responsibility of the members of the relevant Board of Directors against the Company’s loss as referred to in Article 97 and Article 104.

Article 96

(1) The provision regarding the amount of salary and remuneration of the members of the Board of Directors shall be determined based on the resolution of GMS.

(2) The authority of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1), may be conferred to the Board of Commissioners.

(3)In the event the authority of GMS is conferred to the Board of Commissioners as referred to in paragraph (2), the amount of salary and remuneration as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be determined based on the resolution of the Meeting of the Board of Commissioners.

Article 97

(1) The Board of Directors shall be responsible for the management of the Company as referred to in Article 92 paragraph (1).

(2) The management as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be performed by each member of the Board of Directors with good faith and full responsibility.

(3)Each member of the Board of Directors shall be fully and personally liable over the loss of the Company if it resulted from its fault or negligent in performing its duties, in accordance with the provision as referred to in paragraph (2)in accordance with the provision as referred to in paragraph (2).

(4)In the event the Board of Directors consist of 2 (two) members or more, the responsibility as referred to in paragraph (3) shall jointly and severally apply to each member of the Board of Directors .

(5) A member of the Board of Directors shall not be liable for the loss as referred to in paragraph (3) if it is proven that :

a. such loss is not resulted from its fault or negligence;

b. it has performed the management of the Company with good faith and prudent for the interest of the Company in the pursuit of its purposes and objectives;

c. there is no conflict of interest, either directly or indirectly over the management that result to the loss; and

d. it has taken a precaution measure to avoid the loss.

(6)On behalf of the Company, the shareholders representing at least 1/10 (one-tenth) from the total number of shares with voting right, may submit a claim to a District Court against member of the Board of Directors which causes loss to the Company due to their fault or negligence.

(7) The provision as referred to in paragraph (5) shall not reduce the right of the other members of the Board of Directors and/or members of the Board of Commissioners to submit a claim on behalf of the Company.

Article 98

(1) The Board of Directors shall represent the Company, in or outside the courts of justice.

(2)In the event the Board of Directors consists of more than 1 (one) person, each member of the Board of Directors is authorized to represent the Company unless stipulated otherwise in the article of association.

(3) The authority of the member Board of Directors to represent the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be unlimited and unconditional, except otherwise stated in this Law, articles of association, or the resolution of GMS.

(4) The resolution of GMS as referred to in paragraph (3) shall not contravene with the provision of this Law herein and/or the articles of association of the Company.

Article 99

(1) Members of the Board of Directors shall have no authority to represent the Company if :

a. there is a proceeding in the court between the Company and the relevant member of the Board of Directors; or

b. the relevant member of the Board of Directors has interest detrimental to the Company.

(2)In the event that there is a condition as referred to in paragraph (1), the Company shall be represented by :

a. other member of the Board of Directors, who has no interest detrimental to the Company;

b. the Board of Commissioners in the event that all of the members of the Board of Directors have interest detrimental to the Company; or

c. other party appointed by the GMS, in the event that all of the members of the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners have interest detrimental to the Company.

Article 100

(1) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to :

a. establish and maintain a register of shareholders, special register, minutes of GMS and minutes of the Board of Directors meeting;

b. prepare an annual report as referred to in Article 66 and financial document of the Company as stipulated under the Law on Company Documentation; and

c. maintain all lists, minutes, and financial document of the Company as referred to in letter a, and letter b, and other Company’s documents.

(2) All lists, minutes, financial document of the Company, other Company’s documents as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be kept in the domicile of the Company.

(3) Based on a written request from the shareholders, the Board of Directors shall grant a permit to the shareholders to examine the register of shareholders, the special register, the minutes of GMS, as referred to in paragraph (1) and the annual report, as well as to receive a copy of minutes of GMS and a copy of annual report.

(4) The provision as referred to in paragraph (3) shall not preclude the possibility that the capital market regulation stipulate otherwise.

Article 101

(1) Members of the Board of Directors shall be obliged to submit report to the Company regarding the shares of the Company or other Company owned by the relevant members of the Board of Directors and/or their families, to be further registered in the special register.

(2)Any member of the Board of Directors who fails to perform its obligation as referred to in paragraph (1), and causes loss to the Company, shall be personally liable against such loss.

Article 102

(1) The Board of Directors shall be obliged to request the GMS approval to :

a. transfer the Company’s assets; or

b. secure the Company’s assets.

which constitutes of more than 50% (fifty percent) from the total net assets of the Company in 1 (one) transaction or more, either separate or inter-related.

(2) The transaction as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a shall be the transfer of the Company’s net assets which occurs within the period of 1 (one) accounting year or other longer period as stated in the articles of association of the Company.

(3) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1), shall not apply to the action to transfer or secure the Company’s assets, which is performed by the Board of Directors as the implementation of the Company’s business activities in accordance with the articles of association.

(4) The legal action as referred to in paragraph (1) shall remain binding for the Company even though without any approval from the GMS, as long as the other party has a good faith in conducting such legal action.

(5) The provision on quorum and/or the adoption of resolution of GMS as referred to in Article 89, shall apply mutatis mutandis for GMS resolution to approve the action of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1).

Article 103

The Board of Directors may, in writing, grant a power of attorney to 1 (one) of the Company’s employee or more or to any other person for and on behalf of the Company to perform a certain legal action as described in the Power of Attorney.

Article 104

(1) The Board of Directors shall have no authority to file a request on bankruptcy to the Commercial Court over the Company itself, without having obtained prior approval from GMS, without prejudice to the provision as stipulated under the Law on Bankruptcy and Suspension of Debt Payment Obligation.

(2) In the event a bankruptcy as referred to in paragraph (1) occurs due to the fault or negligence of the Board of Directors, and the assets are not sufficient to pay all of the Company’s obligations in connection with such bankruptcy, each member of the Board of Directors, shall jointly and severally liable to all obligations which are remain unpaid from the bankruptcy assets.

(3) The liability as referred to in paragraph (2) shall also apply for members of the Board of Directors who due to their fault and negligence holding positions in such Board of Directors, within the period of 5 (five) years prior to the bankruptcy statement.

(4) A member of the Board of Directors shall not be liable over the bankruptcy of the Company as referred to in paragraph (2) if it is proven that :

a. such bankruptcy is not resulted from its fault or negligence;

b. it has conducted the management of the Company with good faith, prudent, and fully responsible in the pursuit of its purposes and objectives;

c. there is no conflict of interest, either directly or indirectly over the management of the Company; and

d. it has taken a precaution measure to avoid the bankruptcy.

(5) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2), paragraph (3), and paragraph (4) shall also apply to the Board of Directors of the Company which declared bankrupt based on the third party’s filing.

Article 105

(1) A member of the Board of Directors may be at any time dismissed based on the resolution of GMS by specifying the reasons.

(2) The resolution to dismiss the member of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1), shall be adopted after the relevant member has been given an opportunity to defend itself in the GMS.

(3)In the event the resolution to dismiss the member of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (2) is adopted without convening GMS as referred to in Article 91, the relevant member of the Board of Directors shall be first notified regarding the plan of dismissal, and shall be given opportunity to defend itself prior to the resolution regarding such dismissal.

(4) The opportunity to defend as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not be deemed necessary in the event that the relevant member of the Board of Directors show no objection against such dismissal.

(5) The dismissal of the member of the Board of Directors shall be effective as of :

a. the closing of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1);

b. resolution date as referred to in paragraph (3);

c. other date determined in the resolution of GMS as referred to in paragraph (1); or

d. other date determined in the resolution as referred to in paragraph (3).

Article 106

(1) A member of the Board of Directors can be temporarily suspended by the Board of Commissioners by specifying the reasons.

(2) The temporary suspension as referred to in paragraph (1), shall be notified in writing to the relevant member of the Board of Directors.

(3) The suspended member of the Board of Directors as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have not authority to carry its duty as referred to in Article 92 paragraph (1), Article 98 paragraph (1).

(4) Within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the date of suspension, GMS shall be convened.

(5)In the GMS as referred to in paragraph (4), the relevant member of the Board of Directors shall be given an opportunity to defend itself.

(6)GMS shall revoke or confirm the resolution regarding such suspension.

(7)In the event the GMS confirms the resolution on suspension, the relevant member of the Board of Directors will be permanently dismissed.

(8)If within the period of 30 (thirty) days after the elapse of GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) failed to be convened, or the GMS fails to adopt any resolution, then the suspension shall be declared void.

(9) For Issuer, the capital market regulation shall apply to the GMS as referred to in paragraph (4) and paragraph (8),

Article 107

The following matter shall be regulated in the articles of association :

a. procedures of resignation of a member of the Board of Directors;

b. procedures to fill the vacant position as a member of the Board of Directors;

c. other party which has authority to perform the management and represent the Company in the event of disability or suspension of all members of the Board of Directors.

Part Two Board of Commissioners

Article 108

(1) The Board of Commissioners shall conduct supervision over the management policy, the implementation of the management in general, either regarding the Company or its business, and provides advice to the Board of Directors.

(2)Supervision and advice as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be conducted for the interest of the Company, and shall be in accordance with the purpose and objective of the Company.

(3) The Board of Commissioners shall consist of 1 (one) member or more.

(4) The Board of Commissioners which consists of more than 1 (one) members shall constitutes a committee, and each member of the Board of Commissioners can not act severally provided that it shall be in accordance with the resolution of the Board of Commissioners.

(5) The Company which engages in mobilizing public funds, issuing debt instrument or an Issuer shall have a minimum of 2 (two) members of Board of Commissioners. .

Article 109

(1) The Company having its business activities based on then syariah principle, other than having a Board of Commissioners, shall also be obliged to have Syariah Supervisory Board.

(2) The Syariah Supervisory Board as referred to in paragraph (1), shall consist of 1 (one) or more syariah experts, appointed by the GMS based on the recommendation of the Indonesian Ulama Council (Majelis Ulama Indonesia).

(3) The Syariah Supervisory Board as referred to in paragraph (1) shall have the duty to provide advice and suggestions to the Board of Directors, as well as to supervise the activities of the Company in order to comply with the syariah principle.

Article 110

(1) Those who are eligible to be appointed as a member of the Board of Commissioners shall be an individual who capable in performing legal action, except within the period of 5 (five) years prior to his appointment he/she :

a. he/she :

b. had been declared bankrupt;

c. being the member of the Board of Directors or the member of Board of Commissioners who have been adjudicated to have caused the bankruptcy of a Company; or

d. had been sentenced for a criminal offense which caused financial loss to the state and/or relating to financial sector.

(2) The requirement as referred to in paragraph (1) shall not avoid the possibility for a relevant technical institution to stipulate an additional requirement based on the regulation.

(3) Compliance to the requirement as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be proven with a letter kept by the Company.

Article 111

(1) Members of the Board of Commissioners shall be appointed by GMS.

(2) The appointment of members of the Board of Commissioners shall be firstly conducted by the founder as stipulated in the deed of establishment as referred to in Article 8 paragraph (2) letter b.

(3) Members of the Board of Directors shall be appointed for a certain period and may be reappointed.

(4)Articles of association shall regulate the procedures to appoint, replace, and dismiss the members of the Board of Commissioners, and may also regulate the procedures to nominate the members of the Board of Commissioners .

(5) GMS resolution regarding the appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Commissioners shall also stipulate the effective date of such appointment, replacement, and dismissal

(6)In the event the GMS does not to stipulate the effective date of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Commissioners, then the aforementioned shall be effective as of the closing of GMS.

(7)In the event of appointment, replacement, and dismissal of the members of the Board of Commissioners, the Board of Directors shall notify the change of members of the Board of Directors to the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry, within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the resolution date of the GMS.

(8)In the event the notification as referred to in paragraph (7) has not been performed, the Minister shall refuse , the notification regarding the change of Board of Commissioners composition which is submitted to the Minister by the Board of Directors.

Article 112

(1) The appointment of the Board of Commissioners which is not in accordance with the requirement as stipulated in Article 110 paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall be, by law, null as of the other members of the Board of Commissioners or Board of Directors acknowledges the non-compliance of such requirement.

(2)Within the latest period of 7 (seven) days as of the acknowledgement, Board of Directors shall announce the annulment of the appointment of the relevant Board of Commissioners in a Newspaper and shall notify the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry.

(3) Legal action that has been conducted by the members of the Board of Commissioners for and on behalf of the Board of Commissioners as referred to in paragraph (1) prior to the annulment of appointment, shall remain binding and shall become the Company’s liability.

(4) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not reduce the responsibility of the members of the relevant Board of Commissioners against the Company’s loss as referred to in Article 114 and Article 115.

Article 113

The provision regarding the amount of salary or honorarium and remuneration of the members of the Board of Commissioners shall be stipulated by GMS.

Article 114

(1) The Board of Commissioners shall be responsible to supervise the Company as referred to in Article 108 paragraph (1).

(2) Each member of the Board of Commissioners shall be obliged with good faith, prudent and full of responsibility to perform his supervisory duty and provide advices to the Board of Directors as referred to in Article 108 paragraph (1) for the interest of the Company and shall be in accordance with the purpose and objective of the Company.

(3)Each member of the Board of Commissioners shall also be personally liable for the loss suffered by the Company if it resulted from its fault or negligent in performing its duties, in accordance with the provision as referred to in paragraph (2).

(4) In the event the Board of Commissioners consist of 2 (two) members or more, the responsibility as referred to in paragraph (3) shall jointly and severally apply to each member of the Board of Commissioners

(5) A member of the Board of Directors shall not be liable for the loss as referred to in paragraph (3) if it is proven that :

a. it has performed the supervisory duty with good faith and prudent principle for the interest of the Company and in accordance with its purpose and objective.;

b. it has no, either directly or indirectly, personal interest to the Board of Directors’ management over the Company’s which causing the Company’s loss; and

c. it has provide advice to the Board of Directors in order to prevent the occurrence or continuity of such loss.

(6)On behalf of the Company, the shareholders representing at least 1/10 (one-tenth) from the total number of shares with voting right, may submit a claim to a District Court against member of the Board of Commissioners which causes loss to the Company due to their fault or negligence.

Article 115

(1) In the event of the occurrence of bankruptcy which resulted from fault or negligence of the Board of Commissioners with respect to its supervisory duty in relation to the management conducted by the Board of Directors, and the assets of the Company is not sufficient to pay all Company’s obligations due to the bankruptcy, each member of the Board of Commissioners shall jointly and severally together with the Board of Directors for the payment of such obligation.

(2) The liability as referred to in paragraph (1) shall also apply for the members of the Board of Commissioners who has no longer served in his position for 5 (five) years prior to the order of bankruptcy is declared.

(3) Members of the Board of Commissioners shall not liable over the Company’s bankruptcy as referred to in paragraph (1) if it is proven that :

a. the loss is not resulted from its fault or negligence;

b. it has conducted the management over the Company with good faith and prudent principle for the interest of the Company in accordance with its purpose and objective; and

c. it has no, either directly or indirectly, personal interest to the Board of Directors’ management over the Company’s which causing the Company’s loss; and

d. it has provide advice to the Board of Directors in order to prevent the occurrence of such loss.

Article 116

The Board of Commissioners shall be obliged to :

a. prepare a minute meeting of the Board of Commissioners and keep the copy thereof;

b. report to the Company regarding its and/or its relative’s shares ownership in the Company and other Companies; and

c. submit a report to GMS regarding the supervisory duty which has been performed within the previous accounting year.

Article 117

(1) The granting of authority to the Board of Commissioners in order to provide approval or assistance to the Board of Directors in performing a specific legal action may be stipulated in the articles of association.

(2)In the event the articles of association stipulates the requirement for the grant of authority as referred to in paragraph (1)without the approval or assistance of the Board of Commissioners, the legal action shall remain valid and binding to the Company as long as the other parties who conduct such legal show good faith.

Article 118

(1) Based on the articles of association or the resolution of GMS, the Board of Commissioners may perform the management over the Company in a certain condition for a certain period.

(2) The Board of Commissioners which in a certain condition and for a certain period performs the management as referred to in paragraph (1), all provisions regarding right, authority, and obligation of the Board of Directors over the Company and the third party shall apply.

Article 119

The provision regarding the dismissal of a member of the Board of Directors as referred to in Article 105 shall apply mutatis mutandis for the dismissal of a member of the Board of Commissioners.

Article 120

(1)Articles of association of the Company may stipulate regarding 1 (one) person or more of independent commissioner, and 1 (one) person for representative commissioner.

(2) Independent commissioner as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be appointed based on the resolution of GMS from the party which has no affiliation with the main shareholders, Board of Directors and/or other member of Board of Commissioners.

(3) The Representative commissioner as referred to in paragraph (1) constitutes a member of Board of Commissioners which is appointed based on the resolution of the Board of Commissioners meeting.

(4) Duties and authorities of the representative commissioner shall be stipulated in the Company’s articles of association, provided that it shall not contravene with the duties and authorities of the Board of Commissioners, and it shall not reduce the management duties performed by the Board of Directors.

Article 121

(1) In performing its supervisory duties as referred to in Article 108, the Board of Commissioners may establish a committee, the members of which consisting of one or more of the Board of Commissioners.

(2) The committee as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be responsible to the Board of Commissioners.

CHAPTER VIII MERGER, DISSOLVING, TAKING OVER, AND SEPARATION

Article 122

(1) Merger and Consolidation shall cause the merging or consolidating Company to legally dissolve.

(2) The dissolution of the Company as referred to in paragraph (1) may occur without any prior liquidation performed.

(3)In the event of the Company dissolution as referred to in paragraph (2),

a. assets and liabilities of the merging or consolidating Company shall be legally transferred to the surviving Company, and the Company resulting from the Consolidation;

b. the shareholders of the merging and consolidating Company shall, by law, be the shareholders of the Company receiving the Merger or the Company resulting from the Consolidating as well; and

c. the Merging or the Consolidating Company shall be legally dissolved as of the effective date of such Merger or Consolidation.

Article 123

(1) Both the Board of Directors of the merging Company and the surviving Company, shall prepare the Merger plan.

(2) The Merger plan as referred to in paragraph (1) shall at least consist of :

a. name and domicile of each Company;

b. the reasons and as explanations from the Board of Directors of the Company which will perform the Merger, and the Merger requirements;

c. procedures of evaluation and conversion of the shares of the merging Company to the surviving Company, if any;

d. plan of articles of association amendment of the surviving Company ,if any;

e. financial statement as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (2) letter a, which covering the last 3 (three) accounting year from each of the Consolidating Company;

f. further plan or termination of business activities of the Company which will perform the Merger;

g. pro forma Balance Sheet of the surviving Company in accordance with the prevailing accounting principle in Indonesia;

h. settlement procedures of the status, rights and obligations of the member of the Board of Directors, the Board of Commissioners, and employees of the merging Company;

i. settlement procedures of the rights and obligations of the Company that will perform the Merger with a third party.

j. settlement procedures of the rights of shareholders who are disagree with the Company’s Merger;

k. name of members of the Board of Directors and Board of Commissioners of the surviving Company as well as their salary, honorarium, and remuneration;

l. time estimation related to the performance of Merger ;

m. report on the condition, progress, and achievement from each Company that will perform the Merger;

n. main business activity of each Company which will perform the Merger, and any changes occur during the current accounting year; and

o. detail of issues arising during the current accounting year which are affecting the Company’s activity which will perform the Merger.

(3) Merger Plan as referred to in paragraph (2) after having obtained approval from the Board of Commissioners of each Company shall be submitted to respective GMS for approval.

(4)Other regulation than the provision of this law shall also apply for certain Company which will perform a Merger other provided that it shall be required to obtain prior approval from the relevant institution in accordance with prevailing regulation.

(5) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) to paragraph (4) shall also apply to Open Companies, as long as the prevailing capital market regulation do not stipulate otherwise.

Article 124

The provision as referred to in Article 123 shall apply mutatis mutandis for the Consolidating Company.

Article 125

(1) The Acquisition shall be conducted by way of acquiring the shares issued or to be issued by the Company from the Board of Directors of the Company or directly from the shareholders.

(2) The Acquisition may be conducted by a legal entity or an individual.

(3) The Acquisition as referred to in paragraph (1) constitutes the Acquisition of shares that cause the change of control over the Company.

(4)In the event the Acquisition is conducted by a legal entity in the form of a Company, such Acquisition shall be based on the resolution of GMS that meet the quorum and the provision regarding the adoption of the resolution in such GMS as referred to in Article 89.

(5) In the event the Acquisition is conducted through the Board of Directors, the acquiring party shall submit to the target Company regarding its intention to perform the Acquisition.

(6) The Board of Directors of the target Company and the acquiring Company with subject to the approval from their respective Board of Commissioners, shall prepare Acquisition Plan which shall at least contain the following :

a. name and domicile of the acquiring Company and the target Company;

b. reasons and explanations from the Board of Directors of the acquiring Company that will perform the, and the Board of Directors of the target Company.

c. financial statement as referred to in Article 66 paragraph (2) letter a for the current accounting year of the acquiring Company and the target Company.

d. procedures of shares evaluation and conversion from the target Company over its replacing shares, if the payment of Acquisition is conducted with in the form of shares;

e. number of shares to be acquired;

f. preparedness of funding;

g. pro forma consolidation balance sheet of the target Company, provided that the proposed Acquisition is in accordance with the prevailing accounting principle in Indonesia.

h. settlement procedures on the shareholders rights which are disagree with the Acquisition;

i. settlement procedures, on the status, rights and obligations of the members of the Board of Directors, Board of Commissioners, and employees of the target Company;

j. time estimation related to the performance of Acquisition, including the period of the assignment of shares from the shareholders to the Company’s Board of Directors;

k. plan of amendment on the articles of association of the Company resulting from the Acquisition, if any.

(7) In the event the Acquisition of shares is conducted directly from the shareholders, the provision as referred to in paragraph (5) and paragraph (6) shall not applicable.

(8) The Acquisition as referred to in paragraph (7) shall be conducted in accordance with the provision of articles of association of the target Company regarding the transfer of right on shares, and the agreement that has been made between the Company and other party.

Article 126

(1) Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation, shall in the observance to the interests of :

a. Company, minority shareholders, employees of the Company;

b. Creditors, other business partners of the Company; and

c. Community and fair competition in performing business.

(2) The shareholders who are disagree with the resolution of GMS regarding the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation as referred to in paragraph (1), shall only use their rights as referred to in Article 62.

(3) The exercise of rights as referred to in paragraph (2) shall not disrupt the process of Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation.

Article 127

(1) The resolution of GMS regarding the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation shall be valid if it is adopted in accordance with the provision of Article 87 paragraph (1) and Article 89.

(2) The Board of Directors of the Company which will perform the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation, shall be obliged to announce the summary of such plan at least in 1 (one) Newspaper, and shall announce it in writing to the employees of the Company that will perform the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days prior to the notice for GMS.

(3) The announcement as referred to in paragraph (2) shall also contain a notification that the relevant party may obtain the plan of Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation in the Company’s office, as of the announcement date to the date of the GMS.

(4) Creditors may submit an objection to the Company within the latest period of 14 (fourteen) days as of the announcement as referred to in paragraph (2) regarding the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation in accordance with such scheme.

(5) If within the period as referred to in paragraph (4), the creditors show no objection, the creditors shall be deemed to agree with the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation.

(6) In the case the Board of Directors fail to settle the creditors’ objection as referred to in paragraph (4) until the date of GMS, such objection shall be declared in the GMS in order to seek for settlement.

(7) To the extent that the settlement as referred to in paragraph (6) has not been obtained, the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation can not be performed.

(8) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2), paragraph (4), paragraph (5), paragraph (6), and paragraph (7), shall apply mutatis mutandis for the announcement in connection to the Acquisition which is exercised directly from the shareholders of the Company as referred to in Article 125.

Article 128

(1) The plan of Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation which has been approved by the GMS shall be set forth into the deed of Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, and Separation which is drawn up before the notary in Indonesian language .

(2) Deed of Acquisition which is executed directly from the shareholders shall be obliged to be stated into a notarial deed with in Indonesian language.

(3) Deed of Consolidation as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be the basis for the drawing up of deed of establishment of the Company which is resulting from the Consolidation.

Article 129

(1) The copy of the deed of Merger of the Company shall be attached to the :

a. application to obtain approval from the Minister as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (1); or

b. notification to the Minister regarding the amendment of articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (3).

(2)In the event the Merger is not followed with the amendment of articles of association, the copy of deed of Merger shall be submitted to the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry.

Article 130

The copy of deed of Merger shall be enclosed with the application for obtaining the Ministerial Decree regarding the ratification of the Company’s status as legal entity which is resulting from the Consolidation as referred to in Article 7 paragraph (4).

Article 131

(1) The copy of the Acquisition deed shall be attached with the notification to the Minister regarding the amendment of articles of association as referred to in Article 21 paragraph (3).

(2)In the event the Acquisition is exercised directly from the shareholders, the copy of deed of transfer regarding the rights of share shall be attached with the notification to the Minister regarding the amendment of shareholders composition.

Article 132

The provision as referred to in Article 29 and Article 30 shall also applied for the Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition, or Separation.

Article 133

(1) The Board of Directors of the surviving Company, Board of Directors of the consolidating Company, shall announce the result of such Consolidation or Merger in 1 (one) Newspaper or more, within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the effective date of the Merger or Consolidation.

(2) The provision as referred to in paragraph (1) shall also apply to the Board of Directors of the Company which shares are acquired.

Article 134

Implementing provision regarding the Merger, Consolidation or Acquisition of the Company shall be further regulated with a Government Regulation.

Article 135

(1) The separation can be conducted by ways of :

a. Pure Separation; or

b. Non-pure Separation.

(2)Pure Separation as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a shall cause all of the Company’s assets and liabilities to be legally transferred to 2 (two) other Companies or more which receiving such transfer, and the Company that performs the Separation shall be, by law, dissolved.

(3) Non-pure Separation as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b shall cause the part of the Company’s assets and liabilities to be legally transferred to 1 (one) Company or more which receiving the transfer, and the Company performing the Separation shall remain exist.

Article 136

Implementing provision regarding the Separation of the Company shall be further regulated with a Government Regulation.

Article 137

In the event the capital market regulations do not stipulate otherwise, the provision as referred to in Chapter VIII shall also applicable for Open Companies.

CHAPTER IX INSPECTION ON COMPANY

Article 138

(1) Inspection over the Company may be performed with the purpose to obtain data or explanation in the event that there are suspicion concerning the following t :

a. the Company has committed an illegal action which may cause adverse effect to the shareholders or the third party; or

b. the members of the Board of Directors or the Board of Commissioners has committed an illegal action that may cause adverse effect to the Company or shareholders or the third parties.

(2)Inspection as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be performed by submitting an application in writing together with the reasons to the District Court which jurisdiction covering the domicile of the Company.

(3) The application as referred to in paragraph (2) shall be submitted by :

a. 1 (one) shareholder or more which representing at least 1/10 (one-tenth) of the total number of shares with voting rights;

b. Other parties which based on the regulation, articles of association of the Company or an agreement with the Company have been given authority to submit the application for inspection; or

c. Prosecutor’s office for public interest.

(4) The application as referred to in paragraph (3) letter a shall be submitted after having requested the Company to provide the data or information in the GMS, and the Company does not provide such data and information.

(5) The application to obtain data and information of the Company or application for inspection to obtain data and information shall be on the basis of a reasonable reason and with good faith.

(6) The provision as referred to in paragraph (2), paragraph (3) letter a, and paragraph (4), shall not preclude the possibility of the capital market regulation to stipulate otherwise.

Article 139

(1) The head of the District Court may refuse or accept the application as referred to in Article 138.

(2) The head of the District Court as referred to in paragraph (1) shall refuse such application if it is not based on a reasonable reason and/or not performed in good faith.

(3) In the event such application is accepted, the head of the District Court shall issue the order regarding the inspection and shall appoint the maximum number of 3 (three) experts to to conduct the inspection for the purpose of obtaining the necessary data or information.

(4) Each member of Board of Directors, member of Board of Commissioners, employee of the Company, consultant, and public accountant who have been appointed by the Company shall not be appointed as an expert as referred to paragraph (3).

(5) The expert as referred to in paragraph (3) is entitled to inspect all documents and assets of the Company which are deemed necessary by such.

(6) Each member of the Board of Directors, member of Board of Commissioners, all employees of the Company shall be obliged to provide all information required for the inspection.

(7)Expert as referred to in paragraph (3) shall keep the secrecy of the inspection result.

Article 140

(1) The report of inspection result shall be submitted by the expert as referred to in Article 139 to the head of the District Court within the period as stated in the court order which is not later than 90 (ninety) days as of the appointment date of such expert.

(2) The head of District Court shall provide the copy of inspection result report to the applicant and the relevant Company within the latest period of 14 (fourteen) days as of the receipt date of such report

Article 141

(1)In the event the application to perform the inspection is granted, the head of district court shall determine the maximum cost in relation to the inspection.

(2)Inspection cost as referred to in paragraph (1) shall be paid by the Company.

(3) The head of the District Court on the application of the Company can encumber the compensation for all or part of the inspection cost as referred to in paragraph (2) to the applicant, members of the Board of Directors, and/or members of Board of Commissioners.

CHAPTER X DISSOLUTION, LIQUIDATION, AND THE TERMINATION OF COMPANY’S STATUS AS LEGAL ENTITY

Article 142

(1) Liquidation of the Company occurs :

a. Based on the resolution of GMS;

b. Due to the termination of the Company’s duration as stipulated in the articles of association.

c. based on the court order;

d. Due to the revoked bankruptcy statement based on binding order of the commercial court, and the bankrupt assets of the Company is not sufficient to pay the bankruptcy cost;

e. Due to the condition that the bankrupt assets of the Company has been declared in the condition of insolvency as regulated in the Law regarding Bankruptcy and the Suspension of Debt Payment; or

f. Due to the revocation of the Company’s business permit, so that the Company is obliged to conduct liquidation in accordance with prevailing regulation.

(2)In the event the Company’s dissolution as referred to in paragraph (1) occurs :

a. such dissolution shall be followed with a liquidation conducted by a liquidator or curator; and

b. the Company is incapable to conduct any legal action, except it is required to settle all of the Company’s business for the the purpose of liquidation.

(3) In the event the dissolution occurs based on the resolution of GMS, the duration as set forth in the articles of association shall end, or by the revocation of the bankruptcy based on the order of the commercial court and the GMS does not appoint any liquidator, the Board of Directors shall act as the liquidator.

(4) In the event the Company’s dissolution occurs upon the revocation of bankruptcy as referred to in paragraph (1) letter d, the commercial court shall, at the same time, decide the curator’s termination with due observance to the provision as stated in the Law regarding Bankruptcy and Suspension of Debt Payment Obligation.

(5)In the event the provision as referred to in paragraph (2) letter d is violated, the members of the Board of Directors, the members of Board of Commissioners, and the Company shall jointly or severally liable.

(6) The provision regarding the appointment, suspension, dismissal, authority, obligation, responsibility, and supervision over the member of the Board of Directors shall apply mutatis mutandis to liquidator.

Article 143

(1) The Company’s dissolution shall not cause the Company to lose its status as legal entity until the completion of liquidation and the report of the liquidator is accepted by the GMS or by the court.

(2)As of the dissolution, the title “in liquidation” shall be attached on each outgoing letter of the Company.

Article 144

(1)Boar of Directors, Board of Commissioners or 1 (one) or more shareholder representing at least 1/10 (one-tenth) from the total number of shares with voting right, may submit a proposal regarding the Company’s dissolution to the GMS.

(2) GMS resolution regarding the Company’s dissolution, shall be valid if it is taken in accordance with the provision as referred to in Article 87 paragraph (1) and Article 89.

(3) The Company’s dissolution shall be effective as of the date of GMS resolution stipulating such matter.

Article 145

(1) The Company’s dissolution shall legally occurs if the Company’s duration as stipulated in the articles of association has elapsed.

(2) Within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days after the Company’s duration has elapsed, GMS shall determine the appointment of liquidator.

(3) The Board of Directors shall not perform any new legal action on behalf of the Company after the Company’s duration as stated in the articles of association has elapsed.

Article 146

(1) The District Court can dissolve the Company upon the request from :

a. Prosecutor’s office, based on the reason that the Company has violated the public interest or the Company has committed an action that which violating the regulation;

b. relevant party, based on the reason that the deed of establishment is found to be defect;

c. r the shareholders, Board of Directors, or the Board of Commissioners, based on the reason that it is no longer possible to run the Company.

(2)In the court order, an appointment of liquidator shall also be stated.

Article 147

(1)Within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the Company’s dissolution, liquidator shall be obliged to notify :

a. all creditors regarding the Company’s dissolution, by way of announcing the Company’s dissolution in a Newspaper and in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia; and

b. the Company’s dissolution to the Minister to be registered in the Company Registry that the Company is in liquidation.

(2) Notification to liquidator in a Newspaper and in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a shall consist :

a. the Company’s dissolution and its legal nbasis;

b. name and address of the liquidator;

c. procedures to submit the claim; and

d. period for submitting the claim.

(3) Term for submitting a claim for payment as referred to in paragraph (2) letter d shall be 60 (sixty) days as of the announcement date as referred to in paragraph (1).

(4) Notification to the Minister as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b shall be enclosed with the evidences of :

a. legal basis of the Company’s dissolution; and

b. notification to creditor in a Newspaper as referred to in paragraph (1) letter a.

Article 148

(1)In the event the notification to creditor and the Minister as referred to in Article 147 has not been implemented, the Company’s dissolution shall no longer be valid for the third party.

(2)In the event of the negligence of the liquidator to perform the notification as referred to in paragraph (1), the liquidator shall jointly and severally with the Company liable over the loss suffered by the third party.

Article 149

(1) Liquidator’s obligation in performing settlement of the Company’s assets during the process of liquidation shall cover the implementation of :

a. registration and collecting of the Company’s assets and liabilities;

b. announcement in a Newspaper and in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia regarding the plan of assets distribution concerning the liquidation result;

c. payment to creditors;

d. payment of the remaining assets to all shareholders; and

e. other measures that are necessary for the purpose of implementing the assets settlement.

(2) In the event the liquidator estimates that the Company’s liabilities is bigger than the Company’s assets, the liquidator shall be obliged to submit a request regarding the Company’s bankruptcy, except otherwise stated by the regulation, and all creditors whose identities and addressed are known, shall agree the settlement to be performed outside the court.

(3) Creditors can submit an objection over the plan to distribute the Company’s assets resulting from the liquidation within the latest period of 60 (sixty) days as of the announcement date as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b.

(4) In the event the submission of objection as referred to in paragraph (3) is rejected by liquidator, creditors may submit a claim to the District Court within the latest period of 60 (sixty) days as of the rejection date.

Article 150

(1) Creditors submitting a claim of payment in accordance with the period as referred to in Article 147 paragraph (3) and have been rejected by the liquidators, may submit an claim to the District Court within the latest period of 60 (sixty) days as of the rejection date.

(2) Creditors which have not submitted a claim of payment may submit such matter through the District Court within the period of 2 (two) years as of the Company’s dissolution is announced as referred to in Article 147 paragraph (1).

(3) A claim submitted by creditors as referred to in paragraph (2) may be performed in the event that there are remaining assets as a result from liquidation which allocated for the shareholders.

(4) In the event the remaining assets resulting from the liquidation has been divided to the shareholders, and there is a receivable to creditor as referred to paragraph (2), the District Court shall instruct the liquidator to recollect the remaining assets which has been divided to the shareholders.

(5) The shareholders shall be obliged to return the remaining assets resulting from liquidation as referred to in paragraph (4) in proportional with the amount received over the amount of receivable.

Article 151

(1)In the event the liquidator is unable to perform its obligation as referred to in Article 149, based on the request of the relevant party or based on the request of the Prosecutor’s office, the head of the District Court may appoint new liquidators and dismiss the current liquidators.

(2) The termination of liquidator as referred to in paragraph (1), shall be implemented after the relevant is summoned for his information to hear.

Article 152

(1) Liquidator shall be responsible to the GMS or the District Court appointing him over the liquidation of the Company.

(2) Curator shall be responsible to the supervisory judge over the Company’s liquidation.

(3) Liquidator shall be obliged to notify the Minister and announce the final result of the liquidation process in a Newspaper after the GMS gives full acquittal and discharges the liquidator, or after the court has received the appointed liquidator’s report.

(4) The provision as referred to in paragraph (3) shall also apply for curator whose report has been received by the supervisory judge.

(5) The Minister shall register the end of the Company’s status as legal entity and omit the Company’s name from the Company Registry, after the provision as referred to in paragraph (3) and paragraph (4) have been fulfilled.

(6) The provision as referred to in paragraph (5) shall also apply for the termination of the Company’s status as legal entity due to Merger, Consolidation, or Separation.

(7) The notification and announcement as referred to in paragraph (3) and paragraph (4) shall be performed within the latest period of 30 (thirty) days as of the date of the liquidator’s or curator’s report, is received by the GMS, the court or by the supervisory judge.

(8) The Minister shall announce the termination of the Company’s status as legal entity in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia.

CHAPTER XI COST

Article 153

Provision regarding the cost for :

a. obtaining approval to use the Company’s name;

b. obtaining the ratification of the Company’s status as legal entity;

c. obtaining the approval on the amendment of articles of association;

d. obtaining information on the data of the Company stated in the Company registry;

e. the announcement which is obliged pursuant to this Law, the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia, and in the Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia; and

f. obtaining the copy of the Ministerial Decree regarding ratification of the Company’s status as legal entity, or approval for the amendment of the Company’s articles of association shall be regulated with Government Regulation.

CHAPTER XII MISCELLANEOUS

Article 154

(1) The provision of this Law shall also apply for the Open Company to the extent that the prevailing capital market regulation do not stipulate otherwise.

(2) The capital market regulation which is excluding the provision of this Law, shall not contravene with the legal principle of Company as stipulated herein.

Article 155

The provision regarding the responsibility of the Board of Directors and/or the Board of Commissioners over the mistakes and negligence that are regulated in this Law herein shall not reducing the provision as regulated in the Law regarding Criminal Law.

Article 156

(1)In order to implement and develop this Law herein, an expert team on Corporation Law is established.

(2) The team membership as referred to in paragraph (1) shall consist of the following elements :

a. government;

b. expert/alumni;

c. profession; and

d. business world.

(3) The expert team shall have the authority to examine the establishment deed and the amendment of articles of association obtained on the self initiative from the team or on the requisition from the relevant party, as well as to provide opinion for the result of such examination to the Minister.

(4) Further provision regarding the authority, organization structure and the methodology of the expert team shall be regulated by the Ministerial Regulation.

CHAPTER XIII OTHER PROVISIONS

Article 157

(1) articles of association of the Company that has obtained its legal entity status and the amendment of articles of association that has been approved or reported to the Minister and registered in the Company Registry before the application of this Law herein, will remain applicable if it is not in contrary with this Law herein.

(2) articles of association of the Company that has obtained its legal entity status, or which amendment of articles of association has not been approved or reported to the Minister upon the effective of this Law, shall be obligatory be adjusted with this Law herein.

(3) The Company that has obtained its legal entity status based on the legislation, shall be obliged to adjust its articles of association based on the provision of this Law herein within the period of 1 (one) year as of the effective date of this Law herein.

(4) The Company that fails to adjust its articles of association within the period as referred to in paragraph (3), can be liquidated based on the decision of the District Court upon the requisition from the Attorney’s General office or the relevant party.

Article 158

Upon the effective date of this Law, the Company that fails to comply with the requirements as referred to in Article 36 within the period of 1 (one) year, shall be adjusted with the provision of this Law .

CHAPTER XIV CLOSING PROVISIONS

Article 159

The implementing regulations of Law Number 1 of 1995 regarding Limited Liability Company shall remain effective, so long as not in contrary with or has not been replaced with the new implementing regulations based on this Law.

Article 160

Upon the effective date of this Law, the Law Number 1 of 1995 regarding Limited Liability Company (the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia of 1995 Number 13, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3587), is revoked and shall no longer be in effect.

Article 161

This Law shall apply as of its enactment. In order to make everyone aware of it, it is hereby ordered that this Law be placed in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia. Legalized in Jakarta On August 16, 2007 PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA signed SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO Enacted in Jakarta On August 16, 2007 THE MINISTER OF LAW AND HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA Signed ANDI MATTALLATA STATE GAZETTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA OF 2007 NUMBER 106